Arthur Talmage Abernethy
Arthur Talmage Abernethy
|Born||October 10, 1872|
Rutherford College, NC
|Died||May 15, 1956 (aged 83)|
Asheville, North Carolina
|Resting place||Rutherford College Cemetery|
|Occupation||Journalist, scholar, theologian, poet|
|Alma mater||Rutherford College, A.B.|
Trinity College, A.M.
Johns Hopkins University, PhD
|Genre||Theology, biography, poetry|
|Notable awards||North Carolina Poet Laureate|
|Spouse||Edna Beatty (Lachot)|
|Relatives||Robert Labon Abernethy (father), Mary Ann Hayes (mother)|
Arthur Talmage Abernethy (October 10, 1872 – May 15, 1956) was a journalist, scholar, theologian and poet. He pastored several churches, contributed articles and poems to newspapers around the United States, and was named by Governor R. Gregg Cherry as the first North Carolina Poet Laureate in 1948.
Early life and education
Abernethy was born October 10, 1872, in Rutherford College, North Carolina, a town named for the college of which his father was founder and president. Born the fifth son to Rev. Robert Labon and Mary Ann Hayes Abernethy. Arthur proved to be a precocious child, teaching himself telegraphy by the age of nine and passing the exams to get his A.B. degree from Rutherford at the age of 14. He was denied this degree, however, due to his age. He remained at Rutherford College becoming professor of Latin in 1887 (making him one of the youngest professors in the nation), teaching there for several years. Already a Latin and Greek scholar, he went on to receive his A.M. degree from Trinity College (now Duke University) in 1891 and his doctoral degree from Johns Hopkins University.
Journalism and activism
Abernethy soon turned his attention to journalism, becoming editor of The Telegrapher from 1895 to 1897 and a biographical writer for The Philadelphia Record from 1897 to 1899. He befriended Edgar Wilson Nye who was an adviser to him. He contributed columns to The Charlotte Observer as well as newspapers around the country including Milwaukee, Pittsburgh, New York and Philadelphia. Some of his work appeared in Collier's Weekly.:302
He had been married several times, the last time to widow Edna Beatty Lachot of Pennsylvania. She had two children and Abernethy adopted her daughter Anna Mary. He met his wife while serving as business manager for the Philadelphia College of Commerce.
Abernethy was active in politics as well, becoming a leader in the Prohibition movement. He ran for United States House of Representatives in 1928 as an anti-Al Smith candidate, losing in the Democratic primary to incumbent Alfred L. Bulwinkle.
In 1938, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt named him an "American Ambassador of Sunshine." That same year, Governor Clyde R. Hoey declared Abernethy to be an honorary citizen for life of Charlotte, Hickory, Asheville, and Valdese, North Carolina.
Later life and poet laureateship
Abernethy turned to the ministry later in life, becoming pastor of several churches including First Methodist Church, Belmont, New York; a church in Cincinnati, Ohio; and just prior to retirement, Asheville Christian Church. He returned to North Carolina, becoming mayor of the town of Rutherford College for a time and a magistrate. As magistrate and later, Justice of the Peace, he frequently filed his reports with the Clerk of Court in verse.
Throughout his life, Abernethy wrote many books and had many poems published. By his own account, he had written 50 books and over 3,000 poems. Abernethy was close friends with North Carolina Governor R. Gregg Cherry who appointed him to the poet laureate position in November 1948. Originally, the term of office was supposed to last only a few weeks—until the end of Cherry's governorship—but Abernethy was reappointed by the next governor, William Kerr Scott, remaining in the post until Governor William B. Umstead appointed James Larkin Pearson. It is notable that even though he was named poet laureate, Abernethy had never published any poetry in book form.
- The Hell You Say!: A Novel (1893)
- Mechanics and Practice of Electric Telegraph (1891)
- Bertie and Clara (1896)
- Center-Shots at Sin (1918)
- Twenty-five Best Sermons (1920)
- Moonshine: Being Appalachia's Arabian Nights (1924)
- The Apostles' Creed: A Romance in Religion (1925)
- Christian's Treasure Island: A Restoration Romance (1927)
- A Royal Southern Family (historical romance based on his family history; 1934)
- Where are Our Dead? (1935)
Abernethy was also author of notable pamphlets including:
- The Jew a Negro (1906)
- Did Washington Aspire to be King? (1910)
- Johnson, Rossiter; Brown, John Howard (1904). The twentieth century biographical dictionary of notable Americans. Boston: The Biographical Society. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- Powell, William Stevens (1979). "Abernethy, Arthur Talmage". Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. Vol. 1, A-C. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. p. 4. ISBN 9780807813294.
- "46 Abernethy, Arthur Talmage". The Heritage of Burke County, North Carolina. Winston-Salem, NC: Hunter Publishing Company. 1981. p. 63. ISBN 0-89459-132-0.
- Johnson, Rossiter, ed. (1906). "Abbe, Jo". The Biographical Dictionary of America. 1. Boston: American Biographical Society. p. 32. Retrieved October 21, 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Past North Carolina Poets Laureate". North Carolina Arts Council. Archived from the original on October 27, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- Phifer, Edward W., Jr (1977). Burke: The History of a North Carolina County. Morganton, North Carolina.
- "SAYS HE'S 'SWORN OFF' AS A PROHIBITIONIST; Rev. A.T. Abernethy, Who Prayed for Dry Law, Calls It Pathetic Disappointment". The New York Times. March 23, 1926.
- "NC District 09 - D Primary". Our Campaigns. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
- "Arthur Talmage Abernethy". NCpedia. North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "The Hell You Say!: A Novel". Google Books. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
- "Twenty-five Best Sermons". Google Books. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
- "Where are Our Dead?". Google Books. Retrieved November 9, 2012.