Arunta perulata

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Arunta perulata
Arunta perulata male 01.jpg
Arunta perulata, live male
Arunta perulata.jpg
male specimen
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Family: Cicadidae
Genus: ´Arunta
Species: A. perulata
Binomial name
Arunta perulata
Guérin-Méneville (1831)

Cicada perulata Guérin-Méneville
Thopha perulata
Henicopsaltria perulata
Arunta intermedia

Arunta perulata is a large cicada native to Australia.[1] It is also known as the white drummer cicada.[2] The name floury baker was previously applied to this species,[3] but that name is now specific to Aleeta curvicosta.

Arunta perulata female emerging from its exuvia

The white drummer was first described in 1831 by Félix Édouard Guérin-Méneville as Cicada perulata.[4]

The average body length of the male white drummer is around 3.75 cm and the female around 3.72 cm. The head is green with prominent dark red-brown markings and green midline along pronotum. The eyes are a dark red-brown. The thorax and abdomen are predominantly dark red-brown. Depressions on the body are covered with yellow velvety fur. The prominent sac-like tympal covers are white.[4][5] The wings are clear with reddish brown and yellowish veins, and measure up to 4.97 cm long in males and 4.84 cm long in females. The white drummer has yellow-green legs marked with dark brown and black.[5]

The white drummer make a constant rattle-like call, which can carry over long distances, singing during the day and at dusk.[4] It consists of a series of pulses emitted by the cicada at a rate of 65 a second, with each lasting 2.5-3.5 microseconds followed by an interval of 14 microseconds. The frequency of the call is 5.5-6.5 kHz with a weak harmonic at 12 kHz. Like the related double drummer (Thopha saccata), its sac-like tympal covers amplify its call.[6]

The white drummer is found along Australia's eastern coastline from Cooktown in north Queensland to Narooma in southern New South Wales. It has also been colleted from far northern Cape York. The preferred habitat is swampy forest and mangroves, cicadas perching on trees such as sheoak (Casuarina equisetifolia), swamp oak (C. glauca), coast banksia (Banksia integrifolia) and coast wattle (Acacia sophorae).[4] Adults appear in December and January.[5]

Female cicadas lay eggs exclusively on live branches.[4]


  1. ^ Moulds, Maxwell Sydney (30 April 2012). "A review of the genera of Australian cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea)". Zootaxa 3287: 1–262 [56–57]. 
  2. ^ "White Drummer cicada (Arunta perulata)". Cicada Mania. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "The Cicada". Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 – 1907) (New South Wales: National Library of Australia). 29 November 1905. p. 26. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Moulds, Maxwell Sydney (1990). Australian Cicadas. Kensington, New South Wales: New South Wales University Press. pp. 58–60. ISBN 0-86840-139-0. 
  5. ^ a b c Burns, Alexander Noble (1962). "Revision of the genus Arunta (Cicadidae)". Memoirs of Museum Victoria 25: 260–68. 
  6. ^ Young, David (1972). "Analysis of Songs of Some Australian Cicadas". Australian Journal of Entomology 11 (3): 237–43. doi:10.1111/j.1440-6055.1972.tb01623.x.