Ascandra contorta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ascandra contorta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Calcarea
Subclass: Calcinea
Order: Clathrinida
Family: Clathrinidae
Genus: Ascandra
Species: A. contorta
Binomial name
Ascandra contorta
(Bowerbank, 1866)
Synonyms
  • Clathrina contorta (Bowerbank, 1866)
  • Clathrina spinosa von Lendenfeld, 1891
  • Leucosolenia contorta Bowerbank, 1866

Ascandra contorta is a species of calcareous sponge belonging to the family Clathrinidae.

This is a whitish sponge which appears as a mass of irregular, convoluted tubes. It is very similar to Clathrina clathrus but usually differs in colour (C. clathrus is usually yellow) and by the presence of terminal oscula on vertical tubes (absent in C. clathrus). When viewed microscopically, the spicule structure of the two species is very different, A. contorta possessing two-pointed diactines and four-pointed tetractines as well as the three-pointed triactines which C. clathrus is exclusively made up of.

This sponge is found on north-east Atlantic coasts from the Arctic to the Mediterranean, usually on rocks at depths of 10–30 m, but occasionally in shallower water.

References[edit]