Astilbe

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Astilbe
Astilbe arendsii1.jpg
Astilbe arendsii in flower
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Saxifragaceae
Genus: Astilbe
Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
Species

See text

Astilbe /əˈstɪlb/[1] is a genus of 18 species of rhizomatous flowering plants within the family Saxifragaceae, native to mountain ravines and woodlands in Asia and North America.[2] Some species are known by the common names false goat's beard and false spirea.

These hardy herbaceous perennials are cultivated by gardeners for their large, handsome, often fern-like foliage and dense, feathery plumes of flowers. They are widely adapted to shade and water-logged conditions, hence they are particularly associated with pond-side planting. They also tolerate clay soils well. Numerous hybrid cultivars have been raised. Flowers of at least some Astilbe species have a strong and pleasant aroma. Some species, including Astilbe rivularis, are used in traditional medicine.[3]

Species[edit]

Species of Astilbe include:

Cultivar groups[edit]

Commonly accepted cultivar groups are:

The following varieties and cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:

  • 'Brautschleier' (white)[5]
  • 'Bronce elegans' (salmon pink)[6]
  • A. chinensis var. pumila (mauve)[7]
  • 'Fanal' (crimson)[8]
  • A. glaberrima var. saxatilis (pink & white, prostrate)[9]
  • 'Rheinland' (pale pink)[10]
  • A. simplicifolia[11]
  • 'Sprite' (pale pink)[12]
  • 'Straussenfeder' (pink)[13]
  • A. × crispa 'Perkeo' (pink)[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ O'Neill, Alexander; et al. (2017-03-29). "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. 13 (21). doi:10.1186/s13002-017-0148-9. Retrieved 2017-05-11. 
  4. ^ a b c English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 367. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe 'Brautschleier'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe 'Bronce Elegans'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe chinensis var. pumila". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe 'Fanal'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe glaberrima var. saxatilis". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe 'Rheinland'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe simplicifolia". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe 'Sprite'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe 'Straussenfeder'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Astilbe 'Perkeo'". Retrieved 8 June 2013. 

External links[edit]