Astwell Castle

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Astwell Castle is a manor house in Northamptonshire, England about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south-west of Wappenham. It is a listed building[1] and part of the parish of Helmdon, a village 1 mile (1.6 km) west.

Astwell Castle ca.1913)

History[edit]

The De Wauncys were amongst the earliest possessors of this manor since the Conquest. From them, it descended to the Brookes. On 24 April 1471, Thomas Lovett II acquired Astwell in exchange for his hereditary estates by a family arrangement with his mother's cousin, Dowse Billing and her husband William Brooke.[2] The house was begun by Lovett.[3][a]

George Shirley, Esq. (created a baronet, on the first institution of that order, by James I. in 1611), Lovett's grandson, was the next possessor. He partially or totally rebuilt the manor house. From him this manor descended to Washington Shirley, 5th Earl Ferrers by whom it was sold in 1763 to Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple. He was succeeded by his nephew, George Nugent-Temple-Grenville, 1st Marquess of Buckingham, and whose son, Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos was also associated with the manor house. Biddlesden Abbey had possessions in the manor. By 1874, the manor house had been largely dismantled, some of the "inferior offices" becoming a farmhouse, and a "broad embattled tower" remaining.[4]

Architecture and fittings[edit]

The embattled gatehouse tower with the lower attachment to the left is of Lovett's time. To the west, a large courtyard house with over forty rooms accumulated under later owners in the Lovett and Shirley families in the 16th and 17th centuries, of which only a fragment survives. It still has mullioned windows with arched lights, suggesting 16th rather than 17th century. Inside is a fireplace with a broad frieze of simple geometrical motifs above the four-centered arch. Early 18th century drawings show ranges added against both the west and south sides of the house which were built up to or over the moat. These may be related to infilling the moat and setting out a garden with formal terraces on the south and east sides of the house.

The south range of the building was altered in the 19th century and again in 1957 when the house was remodelled and the roof timbers replaced.

Tower[edit]

In 1918, Evans described the tower. At the time, Sir George Shirley's (died here 1622) arms appear on its entrance. It was the gatehouse tower of an earlier house. The original doorway was built up, and another one was opened beside it. There is a basement with porter's lodge on the right of the entrance, and two upper storeys. The floors were well preserved, but the interior had become a pigeon-house. The room on the first floor has shields of arms under the whitewash, and there is a blocked-up doorway at this level, which possibly opened into an external gallery. Both this room and the one above have garderobes. From the leads, there is a good view of the site.[5]

Grounds[edit]

A deer park was created in 1547.

On 30 November 1943, a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber, No.42-3048 from USAAF station 109 Podington of the 327th bomb squadron, 92nd bomb group, 8th bomber command crashed near the farm buildings. It had taken off on its way with the rest of the squadron on a mission to bomb the industrial complex at Solingen, Germany. All 10 crew members were killed.[6] On 9 November 2008, Lt Col Terry Hayes, Deputy Commander of the American 422nd Air Base Group at RAF Croughton laid a special wreath and read out the names of the American airmen. The men were included in the 2008 Remembrance Service in at Helmdon parish church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ British listed buildings website with map showing location
  2. ^ Waters, Robert Edmond Chester (1878). Genealogical memoirs of the extinct family of Chester of Chicheley: their ancestors and descendants (Public domain ed.). Robson & sons. pp. 44–. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (1961). The Buildings of England – Northamptonshire. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-300-09632-3. 
  4. ^ Francis, Whellan (1874). History, topography, and directory of Northamptonshire (Public domain ed.). Francis Whellan and co. pp. 501–. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Evans, Herbert Arthur (1918). Highways and byways in Northamptonshire and Rutland (Public domain ed.). Macmillan. pp. 310–. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Incident remembered by Derek Ratledge who from 1935 until 1948 lived with his parents at Astwell Castle farm his parents. Includes pictures of the 2008 Remembrance service
  • Heward & Taylor, The country houses of Northamptonshire, 1996, pp. 69–72

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°05′30″N 1°06′51″W / 52.09167°N 1.11417°W / 52.09167; -1.11417