Asymmetric PCR is a variation of PCR used to preferentially amplify one strand of the original DNA more than the other. The technique has applications in some types of sequencing and hybridization probing where having only one of the two complementary strands is required.
Asymmetric PCR differs from regular PCR by the excessive amount of primers for a chosen strand. Due to the slow (arithmetic) amplification later in the reaction (after the limiting primer has been used up) extra cycles of PCR are required.
A modification on this process, known as Linear-After-The-Exponential-PCR (LATE-PCR), uses a limiting primer with a higher melting temperature than the excess primer to maintain reaction efficiency as the limiting primer concentration decreases mid-reaction.
Asymmetric PCR can be used to form single stranded DNA from double stranded DNA, which is then used for DNA sequencing in the mutagenesis method. Single stranded DNA is also important for aptamer generation.
- Citartan, Marimuthu; et al. (December 2011). "Asymmetric PCR for good quality ssDNA generation towards DNA aptamer production" (PDF). Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 34 (2): 125–131.
- Wooddell, C I; Burgess, R R (1996). "Use of Asymmetric PCR to Generate Long Primers and Single-stranded DNA for Incorporating Cross-linking Analogs into Specific Sites in a DNA Probe" (PDF). Genome Res. (6): 886–892. doi:10.1101/gr.6.9.886.
- Heiat, Mohammad; et al. (14 January 2017). "Essential strategies to optimize asymmetric PCR conditions as a reliable method to generate large amount of ssDNA aptamers". Biotechnology and Applied Chemistry. 64 (4): 541–548. doi:10.1002/bab.1507.
- Sanchez, J. Aquiles; et al. (4 December 2003). "Linear-After-The-Exponential (LATE)–PCR: An advanced method of asymmetric PCR and its uses in quantitative real-time analysis". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 101 (7): 1933–1938. doi:10.1073/pnas.0305476101. PMC .