Atoka Agreement

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The Atoka Agreement is a document signed by representatives of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indian Nations and members of the Dawes Commission on April 23, 1897 at Atoka, Indian Territory, now Atoka, Oklahoma, that provided for the allotting of the Choctaw and Chickasaw lands in the Indian Territory to individuals. Provisions of this agreement were later incorporated into the Curtis Act of 1898.[1]

The agreement also reserved the "coal and asphalt lands" from the allotment process. These lands were to be sold or leased and the proceeds used for the benefit of the two tribes.[1]

Under this agreement, the tribal governments were to be terminated on March 4, 1906.[1]

The two tribes ratified the document in November, 1897. However, Chickasaw law required that it be submitted to the voters of the Chickasaw Nation, who rejected it. The Curtis Act required that the Atoka Agreement be resubmitted to the voters of both nations. The agreement was approved in a joint election on August 24, 1898.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Cox, Matthew Rex. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture."Atoka Agreement." Retrieved May 7, 2013.[1]

Further reading[edit]

  • Debo, Angie Debo. The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1961.
  • Gibson, Arrell M. The Chickasaws. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.
  • Litton, Gaston. History of Oklahoma at the Golden Anniversary of Statehood, Vol. 1. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1957.

External links[edit]