Aurantimonas coralicida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aurantimonas coralicida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alphaproteobacteria
Order: Rhizobiales
Family: Aurantimonadaceae
Genus: Aurantimonas
Species: A. coralicida
Denner et al. 2003
Binomial name
Aurantimonas coralicida

Aurantimonas coralicida is a gram-negative bacterium, and a causative agent of white plague in Caribbean corals. It is rod-shaped, with polar flagella.[1]

Description[edit]

An obligate aerobe, A. coralicida obtains its nourishment chemoheterotrophically. It tests positive for oxidase and catalase, and contains carotenoid pigments, possibly to protect against solar radiation.[1]

Role in Disease[edit]

A. coralicida is believed to be the causative agent of white plague, a disease of some corals.[1] This was first described in 1995 in an epizootic in reefs in the Florida Keys. 17 of 43 coral species in the area were infected, and up to 38% of infected corals died.[1]

Genetics[edit]

The type strain of A. coralicida is WP1T(=CIP 107386T =DSM 14790T), which was the original strain isolated.[1]

History[edit]

A coralicida was originally isolated as the cause of white plague in coral in the Caribbean in 1998.[1] In 2003, the 16s rRNA sequence of the bacterium was compared to other known sequences to determine its taxonomic relationship to other bacteria. It was found to be a previously-undescribed member of the order Rhizobiales and was classified under the newly created genus Aurantimonas as Aurantimonas coralicida.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Denner, E. B. M. (2003). "Aurantimonas coralicida gen. nov., sp. nov., the causative agent of white plague type II on Caribbean scleractinian corals". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 53 (4): 1115–1122. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02359-0. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 12892136. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Yossi Loya; Rosenberg, Eugene (2004). Coral Health and Disease. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-20772-4. 

External links[edit]