Denner et al. 2003
An obligate aerobe, A. coralicida obtains its nourishment chemoheterotrophically. It tests positive for oxidase and catalase, and contains carotenoid pigments, possibly to protect against solar radiation.
Role in Disease
A. coralicida is believed to be the causative agent of white plague, a disease of some corals. This was first described in 1995 in an epizootic in reefs in the Florida Keys. 17 of 43 coral species in the area were infected, and up to 38% of infected corals died.
A coralicida was originally isolated as the cause of white plague in coral in the Caribbean in 1998. In 2003, the 16s rRNA sequence of the bacterium was compared to other known sequences to determine its taxonomic relationship to other bacteria. It was found to be a previously-undescribed member of the order Rhizobiales and was classified under the newly created genus Aurantimonas as Aurantimonas coralicida.
- Yossi Loya; Rosenberg, Eugene (2004). Coral Health and Disease. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-20772-4.
- Aurantimonas coralicida at the Encyclopedia of Life
- WORMS entry
- Type strain of Aurantimonas coralicida at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase
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