Austrelaps ramsayi

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Austrelaps ramsayi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Austrelaps
Species: A. ramsayi
Binomial name
Austrelaps ramsayi
(Krefft, 1864)
Synonyms[1]
  • Hoplocephalus ramsayi
    Krefft, 1864
  • Denisonia ramsayi
    Boulenger, 1896
  • Austrelaps ramsayi
    Rawlinson, 1991

Austrelaps ramsayi, commonly known as the highlands copperhead, Ramsay's copperhead,[2] or the yellow-bellied black snake, is a species of venomous snake in the family Elapidae. The species is endemic to Australia.

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, ramsayi, is in honour of Edward Pierson Ramsay, who was an Australian ornithologist and herpetologist.[2]

Description[edit]

A. ramsayi has an average total length (including tail) of 113 cm (44 inches). It can vary in upper (dorsal) colour from mid to very dark brown, with a creamy yellow belly tinged with red between the differing colours.

Geographic range[edit]

The highlands copperhead inhabits the Alpine regions of eastern Australia, and is common in the Southern Highlands of NSW, including Mittagong, Bowral and Moss Vale.

Habitat[edit]

A. ramsayi is found in montane heath, woodland, sclerophyll forests, along water bodies, and in swampy areas with thick clumps of tussock grass.[3]

Reproduction[edit]

Austrelaps ramsayi is ovoviviparous, with between 9 and 31 young per brood.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Austrelaps ramsayi ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  2. ^ a b Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Austrelaps ramsayi, p. 216).
  3. ^ http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/threatenedspecies/07227tpagssch6pt2.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.arod.com.au/arod/reptilia/Squamata/Elapidae/Austrelaps/ramsayi

Further reading[edit]

  • Boulenger, George Albert (1896). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III. Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ) ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Denisonia ramsayi, new combination, p. 338).
  • Krefft, Gerard (1864). "Description of Three New Species of Australian Snakes". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 180-182. (Hoplocephalus ramsayi, new species, pp. 180–181).
  • Rawlinson, P.A. (1991). "Taxonomy and distribution of the Australian tiger snakes (Notechis) and copperheads (Austrelaps) (Serpentes, Elapidae)". Proc. Royal Soc. Victoria 103 (2): 125-135. (Austrelaps ramsayi, new combination).