Avonmouth Light Railway
The Avonmouth Light Railway (ALR) was a nominally independent railway company operating a short standard-gauge branch line from a point on what is now the Severn Beach Line near Avonmouth Docks station in Bristol to a Bristol Corporation electricity installation east of the main entrance to Avonmouth Docks. Its promoters had aspirations which were never fulfilled.
The ALR was a project of the Kingsweston estate owned by the squire of Kingsweston, Dr Philip Napier Miles, and its headquarters were in the Kingsweston estate office in High Street, Shirehampton. This estate had owned much of the land in the area; Dr Miles’ father, Philip William Skynner Miles MP, had been responsible for promoting Avonmouth Docks, opened in 1877 on a large tract of his marshland.
Acts of Parliament
The plan for the line was deposited in November 1902, and an order for its construction was obtained in 1903 under the Light Railways Act of 1896; but with the task threatening not to be completed before the period specified in the Act expired, renewal was sought several times and obtained from 1909 to 1912, finally through the Avonmouth Light Railway (Revival and Extension of Time) Order of 1912, again under the Light Railways Act of 1896. The line was nevertheless not completed to the full original specification.
Relation to other railway systems
The ALR was planned to meet up with other industrial railways developing to serve enterprises further north in the Avonmouth area, but the intended contact never took place. The book of reference of the line specifies that it was to run from Shirehampton (of which Avonmouth was a part at the time) to Henbury, but it never crossed the parish boundary into Henbury.
The line eventually opened in 1908, probably on 1 April, and was closed on an unknown date but probably about 1931.
The line was operated from the start by the Great Western and Midland Joint Railway Committee and transferred in 1927 to the ownership of the Joint Committee’s successor companies, the London, Midland and Scottish Railway and the (post-Grouping) Great Western Railway.
The ALR never carried paying passengers, and must have been intended solely to transport coal from the Joint Committee’s sidings to the electricity installation, if this was indeed a generating station.
Little is known about the locomotives and rolling stock, operational history or personnel of the line. There are occasional mentions of it in oral history memoirs, but nothing that illuminates its business with precision. It appears that the Great Western Railway kept an engine in a shed by Portview Road to share the duties of servicing a coal yard and taking trucks along the ALR. It was distinguished by the fact that 100% of its staff were called up in the First World War – that is, both of them.
The line started from a Bristol-facing junction with sidings on the Clifton Extension Railway (which ran from Narroways Hill Junction and Kingswood Junction in north Bristol to the port of Avonmouth). This junction was located 30 chains (600 m) east of Avonmouth Docks joint station. The stub of the line at its southern end appears as a siding on an Ordnance Survey map of 1949. It crossed several streets on the level in the expanding suburb before setting out across the fields of Avonmouth farm in the direction of a facility variously described as a Bristol Corporation electricity sub-station and as a generating station, and terminating on the western side of this facility in what is now a widened St Andrew’s Road. It was about 58 chains (1,200 m) long. There is some doubt about whether it was ever extended further. Almost no trace of the line remains in 2015. Gaps between buildings in Portview Road, Davis Street and Avonmouth Road could be discerned by the knowledgeable and interpreted as the course of the line, but building has taken place in some gaps, and the only ones remaining are on both sides of Davis Street (west of numbers 28 and 31) and opposite the Miles Arms hotel in Avonmouth Road. The fields north of the village across which it went have all been built over with warehousing and other commercial development as Avonmouth has expanded, but the disturbed ground marking its course can clearly be followed in post-WW2 aerial photography, cutting across fields still showing the ridge-and-furrow pattern of pre-modern arable farming. The electricity station or sub-station which was its destination is still in existence but derelict.
- Letterhead of surviving correspondence.
- The National Archives [TNA] document MT 54/384; Bristol Record Office [BRO] document 07790/76. The official depositing of the plans for parliamentary scrutiny is noticed in The London Gazette, 30 June 1903, p. 4095, col. b. Objections and correspondence can be found in BRO document SMV/7/1/4/25.
- "Avonmouth Light Railway, 1903". National Archives. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- "Avonmouth Light Railway (Revival and Extension of Time), 1912". National Archives. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- Gloucestershire Archives [GA] document Q/RUm/567.
- Coates, Richard (2016) "The Avonmouth Light Railway." Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 134, 231-250.
- "Obituary of Professor David Sing Capper (1864-1926)". Grace’s guide. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- Mitchell, Vic, and Keith Smith (2004) Branch lines around Avonmouth. Midhurst: Middleton Press, dates in notes to map XII.
- Memorandum of arrangements between Great Western Railway Company, Midland Railway Company and Avonmouth Light Railway Company, Gloucestershire, for supply of rolling stock and through traffic, [to run from] 1 April 1908 to 31 July 1918. TNA document RAIL 252/1544
- "Light Railway Order: London Midland and Scottish and Great Western Railway Companies (Avonmouth Light Railway Transfer and Amendment), 1927. TNA document MT 58/481". National Archives.
- Helme, Judy, and Sue Davies, eds (1999) A mouthful of memories. An oral history of Avonmouth; and (2001) Another mouthful of memories. An oral history of Avonmouth. Privately published.
- Mullay, Alexander J. (2014). "Manpower (and horsepower)". Blighty’s railways: Britain’s railways in the First World War. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- Coates, Richard. "A short history of West Town" (PDF). Shire. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- "Bristol - Know Your Place". Maps.bristol.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- andy hebden (18 April 2009). "Severn Beach, 18th April 2009 | Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr.com. Retrieved 3 July 2015.