Avraami Zavenyagin

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Avraami Pavlovich Zavenyagin
Авраамий Павлович Завенягин
Minister of Medium Machine Building
In office
28 February 1955 – 31 December 1956
Premier Nikolai Bulganin
Preceded by Vyacheslav Malyshev
Succeeded by Mikhail Pervukhin

Lieutenant-General Avraami Pavlovich Zavenyagin (1 May 1901, Uzlovaya – 31 December 1956; his first name is also sometimes given as Avram or Abraham) was a leading figure in the Soviet nuclear projects of the 1940s and 1950s.[1][2][3]

A protégé of Lavrenti Beria,[4] Zavenyagin survived the purge after the death of Joseph Stalin because of a long friendship with Nikita Khrushchev, which dated back to the 1920s. During the Khrushchev era, he headed the Ministry of Medium Machine Building, responsible for nuclear weapons production, for two years. He died of a heart attack in 1956.


  1. ^ Antony Beevor, The fall of Berlin, 1945, 2002
  2. ^ Richard Lee Miller, Under the cloud: the decades of nuclear testing , 1986
  3. ^ George A. Lopez and Nancy J. Myers, Peace and security: the next generation, 1997
  4. ^ Richard Lee Miller, Under the cloud: the decades of nuclear testing, 1986