Avulavirus

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Avulavirus
Virus classification
Group: Group V ((-)ssRNA)
Order: Mononegavirales
Family: Paramyxoviridae
Genus: Avulavirus
Species

Avian paramyxovirus 2
Avian paramyxovirus 3
Avian paramyxovirus 4
Avian paramyxovirus 5
Avian paramyxovirus 6
Avian paramyxovirus 7
Avian paramyxovirus 8
Avian paramyxovirus 9
Avian paramyxovirus 11
Avian paramyxovirus 12
Newcastle disease virus

The genus Avulavirus is one of seven genera in the family Paramyxoviridae and contains viruses that used to be classified in the genus Rubulavirus. In contrast to rubulaviruses, avulaviruses infect birds (hence the name "avulaviruses", a contraction of "avian rubulavirus") and translate protein V from an edited RNA transcript. Avulaviruses have a hemagglutinin-neuraminidase attachment protein and do not produce a non-structural protein C. The most important and best characterized avulavirus is Newcastle disease virus, a variant of avian paramyxovirus 1 (species Newcastle disease virus). Avulaviruses can be separated into distinct serotypes using hemagglutination assay and neuraminidase assay. All avulaviruses hemagglutinate chicken RBCs except for avian paramyxovirus 5 which does not hemagglutinate RBCs from any species. Avian paramyxovirus 6 is unique to the presence of the SH gene between the F and HN genes. Avian paramyxovirus 11 has the longest genome among the APMVs.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Genus Avulavirus: species and their viruses[2]
Genus Species Virus (Abbreviation)
Avulavirus Avian paramyxovirus 2 avian paramyxovirus 2 (APMV-2)
Avian paramyxovirus 3 avian paramyxovirus 3 (APMV-3)
Avian paramyxovirus 4 avian paramyxovirus 4 (APMV-4)
Avian paramyxovirus 5 avian paramyxovirus 5 (APMV-5)
Avian paramyxovirus 6 avian paramyxovirus 6 (APMV-6)
Avian paramyxovirus 7 avian paramyxovirus 7 (APMV-7)
Avian paramyxovirus 8 avian paramyxovirus 8 (APMV-8)
Avian paramyxovirus 9 avian paramyxovirus 9 (APMV-9)
Avian paramyxovirus 10 avian paramyxovirus 10 (APMV-10)
Avian paramyxovirus 11 avian paramyxovirus 11 (APMV-11)
Avian paramyxovirus 12 avian paramyxovirus 12 (APMV-12)
Newcastle disease virus* avian paramyxovirus 1 (APMV-1)

Table legend: "*" denotes type species.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Gogoi, P; Ganar, K; Kumar, S (2015). "Avian Paramyxovirus: A Brief Review". Transboundary and Emerging Diseases: n/a. doi:10.1111/tbed.12355. PMID 25924108. 
  2. ^ Afonso, Claudio L.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Bányai, Krisztián; Bào, Yīmíng; Basler, Christopher F.; Bavari, Sina; Bejerman, Nicolás; Blasdell, Kim R.; Briand, François-Xavier (2016-08-01). "TAXONOMY OF THE ORDER MONONEGAVIRALES: UPDATE 2016". Archives of virology. 161 (8): 2351–2360. doi:10.1007/s00705-016-2880-1. ISSN 0304-8608. PMC 4947412free to read. PMID 27216929. 


Sources[edit]

Newcastle disease is otherwise called Avian paramyxovirus 1

External links[edit]