Azuero howler

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Azuero howler
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Atelidae
Genus: Alouatta
Species: A. coibensis
Subspecies: A. c. trabeata
Trinomial name
Alouatta coibensis trabeata
Lawrence, 1933

The Azuero howler (Alouatta coibensis trabeata) a type of monkey that is a subspecies of the Coiba Island howler A. coibensis. This subspecies is endemic to the Azuero Peninsula in Panama.[2] The Azuero howler is distinguished primarily by its golden flanks and loins, and browner appearance on the rest of its body.[2]

Although generally considered a subspecies of A. coibensis, there is some debate within the scientific community as to whether A. coibensis itself is a valid species. If not, A. c. trabeata would be considered subspecies of the mantled howler, A. palliata.[2] In that case its trinomial name would be A. p. trabeata.


  1. ^ Cuarón, A. D.; Palacios, E.; Moarles, A.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P. C. (2008). "Alouatta palliata ssp. trabeata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Rylands; Groves; Mittermeier; Cortes-Ortiz & Hines (2006). "Taxonomy and Distributions of Mesoamerican Primates". In Estrada, A.; Garber, P.A.; Pavelka, M.S.M. & Luecke, L. New Perspectives in the Study of Mesoamerican Primates. pp. 53–55. ISBN 978-0-387-25854-6.