B. J. Rao

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Basuthkar Rao
Basuthkar Rao.jpg
Born(1956-03-13)March 13, 1956
Andhra Pradesh
Alma materYale Medical School,
Indian Institute of Sciences,
Osmania University
Scientific career
FieldsBiological Science
InstitutionsTata Institute of Fundamental Research,

Basuthkar Jagadeeshwar Rao (AKA B. J. Rao) is currently a Senior professor, chair of Biology and dean faculty at IISER, Tirupati.[1] Prior to this, he was a senior professor at the Department of Biological Sciences at TIFR, Mumbai[2] and the head of Mechanism of Genome Dynamics and Cellular Adaptations Laboratory, TIFR.[3] His areas of specializations are molecular basis of genome dynamics, computational biology of genomes and protein active sites, cellular physiology and metabolism, to which he made fundamental contributions.[4] Apart from his fundamental research in the domain of biology, he is also interested in dissemination of scientific knowledge and outreach activities.[5][6][7]

Early life[edit]

Rao obtained his BSc from Nizam College and his MSc from Osmania University, Hyderabad. He then obtained PhD from Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore in the domain of Biochemistry. He then went on to do his post-doctoral work at Yale Medical School where he served as research scientist for about seven years.[citation needed] He then returned to India and started working at TIFR in various capacities, from being a reader to associate professor and a chairperson.


He is primarily interested in:[8][9]

Collaborations and genome dynamics Lab[edit]

. .

Rao and his collaborators of Genome Dynamics Lab[8] are interested in mapping and understanding the promiscuity scores of protein active sites with the help of computational approaches. They are also dissecting the biochemical mechanism of regulation of homologous recombination by tumour suppressors such as P53 and BRCA2 proteins.

Other activities include:[10]

  • Chromosome territory movements associated with DNA damage response events in mammalian cells; Circadian control of UV-sensitivity in Chlamydomonas reinhardii
  • Cell biology and metabolism in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii during adaptive stress responses.

The Lab is also involved in collaborative projects with chemists and physicists at TIFR to seek answers, for instance how “soft electrons” (≈10eV) intersect and change biomolecules etc., along with many other interdisciplinary research proposals.[11]

Recognition and outreach[edit]

He is a Fellow of all three National Academies in India, and is also the Sir JC Bose Fellow of Department of Science & Technology, India. >He is also serving as a chief member and an advisor for various committees and has won many awards and fellowships.[12]

He worked as a DST-inspire teacher by articulating the current excitements of basic biology to a large number of undergraduate students across India. He perceives biology as a complex manifestation of physics-chemistry of a dynamically evolving system and emphasize on design principles in Biology. He has given numerous technical as well as public lectures[13] for varied audiences at conferences as well as at research centers.

Selected publications[edit]

  • Joshi, Amita; Rao, Basuthkar J (2002). "ATP Hydrolysis Induces Expansion of MutS Contacts on Heteroduplex: A Case for MutS Treadmilling?". Biochemistry. 41 (11): 3654–66. doi:10.1021/bi015743r. PMID 11888282.
  • Nag, Nabanita; Rao, B.J; Krishnamoorthy, G (2007). "Altered Dynamics of DNA Bases Adjacent to a Mismatch: A Cue for Mismatch Recognition by MutS". Journal of Molecular Biology. 374 (1): 39–53. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2007.08.065. PMID 17919654.
  • Krishnan, Neeraja M; Rao, Basuthkar J (2009). "A comparative approach to elucidate chloroplast genome replication". BMC Genomics. 10: 237. doi:10.1186/1471-2164-10-237. PMC 2695485. PMID 19457260.
  • Mehta, Ishita S; Kulashreshtha, Mugdha; Chakraborty, Sandeep; Kolthur-Seetharam, Ullas; Rao, Basuthkar J (2013). "Chromosome territories reposition during DNA damage-repair response". Genome Biology. 14 (12): R135. doi:10.1186/gb-2013-14-12-r135. PMC 4062845. PMID 24330859.
  • Tirumani, Srikanth; Kokkanti, Mallikarjuna; Chaudhari, Vishal; Shukla, Manish; Rao, Basuthkar J (2014). "Regulation of CCM genes in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii during conditions of light–dark cycles in synchronous cultures". Plant Molecular Biology. 85 (3): 277–86. doi:10.1007/s11103-014-0183-z. PMID 24590314. S2CID 8316514.
  • Kulashreshtha, Mugdha; Mehta, Ishita S; Kumar, Pradeep; Rao, Basuthkar J (2016). "Chromosome territory relocation during DNA repair requires nuclear myosin 1 recruitment to chromatin mediated by ϒ-H2AX signaling". Nucleic Acids Research. 44 (17): 8272–91. doi:10.1093/nar/gkw573. PMC 5041470. PMID 27365048.
  • Himanshu, Singh; Manish, R. Shukla; Basuthkar, J. Rao; Kandala, V.R. Chary (2016). "Regulation of starch, lipids and amino acids upon nitrogen sensing in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii". Algal Research. 18: 33–44. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2016.05.028.