Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 81

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Site 81
Proton Zvezda.jpg
A Proton-K with the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station during launch from LC-81/23.
Launch site Baikonur Cosmodrome
Operator RVSN, VKS, RKA
Total launches 186
Launch pad(s) 2
Min / max
orbital inclination
49° – 99°
Site 81/23 launch history
Status Inactive
Launches 104
First launch 16 July 1965 (1965-07-16)
UR-500 / Proton 1
Last launch 27 March 2004
Proton-K/DM-2 / Globus No.17L
Associated
rockets
UR-500
Proton-K
Site 81/24 launch history
Status Active
Launches 82
First launch 22 November 1967
Proton-K/D / Soyuz 7K-L1 No.5L
Last launch 13 December 2015
Proton-M/Briz-M / Kosmos 2513
Associated
rockets
Proton-K
Proton-M (active)

Site 81 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is a launch site used, along with Site 200, by Proton rockets. It consists of two launch pads, areas 23 and 24. Area 24 is used for Proton-K and Proton-M launches, while Area 23 is inactive.

Several planetary probes have been launched from Site 81. Area 23 was used to launch Mars 3, Mars 4, Mars 6 and Venera 11, whilst Area 24 was used by Mars 2, Mars 5, Mars 7, Venera 9, Venera 10 and Venera 12. Several Luna probes were also launched from both areas.

The Zarya and Zvezda modules of the International Space Station, as well as Salyut 2, 3 and 5, and the Spektr and Priroda modules of Mir, were launched from Area 23. Area 24 was used to launch Salyut 1, 4 and 6.

On 2 July 2013, a Proton-M/DM-03 launched from Site 81/24 carrying three GLONASS navigation satellites. Immediately after liftoff, the rocket began to pitch over, and rolled out of control. The rocket fell close to the launch pad and exploded, the extent of any damage to Site 81 or the Baikonur Cosmodrome is unclear.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 46°04′15″N 62°59′05″E / 46.07083°N 62.98472°E / 46.07083; 62.98472