Baillie Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Baillie Island is located in Northwest Territories
Baillie Island
Baillie Island
Location in the Northwest Territories

Baillie Island (Inuit: Utkraluk)[1] is located off the north coast of Cape Bathurst in the Northwest Territories, Canada. The island formed part of the area used by the Avvaqmiut who are a branch of the Mackenzie Inuit.[2]

A rare endemic plant known as hairy rockcress or hairy braya (Braya pilosa, genus Braya of family Brassicaceae) is known to grow in five locations on the Baillie Islands as well as the nearby Cape Bathurst. The plant is listed by the Northwest Territories Species at Risk Committee as threatened and by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada as endangered.[3][4]

History[edit]

The first European to discover the island was John Richardson in 1826, who also named it.[5] It was again visited by Richardson and John Rae, while searching the Northwest Passage for Franklin's lost expedition.[2] In 1915, the Hudson's Bay Company established a trading post on the island. While the post was being set up, it was visited by competing trader Christian Theodore Pedersen.[6] By the 1920s, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police had established a detachment on the island.[7] It was at Baillie Island, in 1928, after returning from Cambridge Bay that Inspector Kemp, the Commanding Officer for the Western Arctic, appointed Henry Larsen captain of the St. Roch.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Issenman, Betty. Sinews of Survival: The living legacy of Inuit clothing. UBC Press, 1997. pp252-254
  2. ^ a b Archaeology of the Western Arctic Coast
  3. ^ Hairy Braya NWT Species Status Report
  4. ^ COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Hairy Braya Braya pilosa in Canada
  5. ^ Franklin, John (1828). Narrative of a second expedition to the shores of the Polar sea in the years 1825, 1826 and 1827, by John Franklin,... including an account of the progress of a detachment to the Eastward, by John Richardson. London: J. Murray.
  6. ^ Hudson's Bay Company Archived 2008-09-20 at the Wayback Machine at the Kitikmeot Heritage Society
  7. ^ Christian Klengenberg - More Suspicions
  8. ^ Dangerous Passage: Issues in the Arctic ISBN 978-1-897045-13-8

Coordinates: 70°35′N 128°10′W / 70.583°N 128.167°W / 70.583; -128.167 (Baillie Island)