St. Roch (ship)

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St. Roch wintering in the Beaufort Sea.
St. Roch wintering in the Beaufort Sea, 1948.
History
Canadian Red Ensign (1921–1957).svgCanada
Name: St. Roch
Builder: Burrard Dry Dock Shipyards
Launched: 7 May 1928
Status: Designated a National Historic Site of Canada at the Vancouver Maritime Museum, 1962
General characteristics [1]
Type: Auxiliary Police Schooner
Displacement: 323 long tons (328 t)
Length: 104 ft 3 in (31.78 m)
Beam: 24 ft 9 in (7.54 m)
Draft: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)
Depth of hold: 11 ft (3.4 m)
Propulsion:
Official nameSt. Roch National Historic Site of Canada
Designated1962

RCMPV St. Roch is a Royal Canadian Mounted Police schooner, the first ship to completely circumnavigate North America, and the second sailing vessel to complete a voyage through the Northwest Passage. She was the first ship to complete the Northwest Passage in the direction west to east (Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean), going the same route that Amundsen on the sailing vessel Gjøa went east to west, 38 years earlier.

The ship was most often captained by Henry Larsen.[2]

Liverpool born Sgt. Fred S. Farrar R.C.M.P. (1901-1954) was a crew member of St. Roch for various voyages including the 1950 voyage that circumnavigated North America, he wrote the book Arctic Assignment: The Story of the St. Roch. which was published posthumously in 1955.

The Stan Rogers song "Take It From Day To Day" is the lament of a crew member on St. Roch.

The ship is located at the Vancouver Maritime Museum in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and is open to the public for scheduled visits.[3]

Construction[edit]

St. Roch was made primarily of thick Douglas-fir, with very hard Australian "ironbark" eucalyptus on the outside, and an interior hull reinforced with heavy beams to withstand ice pressure during her Arctic duties. St. Roch was designed by Tom Halliday and was based on Roald Amundsen's ship Maud.[4]

Service history[edit]

St. Roch was constructed in 1928 at the Burrard Dry Dock Shipyards in North Vancouver. Between 1929–1939 she supplied and patrolled Canada's Arctic.

In 1940–1942 she became first vessel to complete a voyage through the Northwest Passage in a west to east direction, and in 1944 became first vessel to make a return trip through the Northwest Passage, through the more northerly route considered the true Northwest Passage, and was also the first to navigate the passage in a single season. Between 1944–1948 she again patrolled Arctic waters. On May 29, 1950, she became first vessel to circumnavigate North America, from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to Vancouver via the Panama Canal. In all she sailed 3 voyages.

Exhibition[edit]

In 1954, the St. Roch was decommissioned in Halifax and returned to Vancouver. In 1958, she was placed in drydock at Kitsilano Point for restoration, partly inspiring the location of the planned Vancouver Maritime Museum, which opened the following year.[5] In 1962, St. Roch was designated a National Historic Site of Canada.[6] Although the ship was placed indoors in an A-frame building adjoining the museum, it remained formally under the control of Parks Canada. In 1995 Parks Canada handed over full control of the St. Roch to the museum.[5]

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Naval Ships Visitors Guide - RCMPV St. Roch". www.hnsa.org. Archived from the original on 2010-03-29. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
  2. ^ a b "Henry Larsen and the St. Roch". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
  3. ^ James P. Delgado (2003). "Arctic workhorse: the RCMP schooner St. Roch". Torchwood Publishing. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
  4. ^ "Archaeology Reports-PWNHC". www.pwnhc.ca. Archived from the original on 2010-12-01. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
  5. ^ a b The St. Roch Research Collection Vancouver Maritime Museum Archives
  6. ^ St. Roch. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 January 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • Thompson, John Beswarick. "The more northerly route : a photographic study of the 1944 voyage of the St. Roch through the Northwest Passage" (Ottawa, ON, Canada, Parks Canada. 1974)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°16′39″N 123°08′50″W / 49.2775°N 123.1472°W / 49.2775; -123.1472