Balivanich

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Balivanich
Balivanich (West).jpg
Western part of Balivanich with former primary school
Balivanich is located in Outer Hebrides
Balivanich
Balivanich
Balivanich shown within the Outer Hebrides
Language Scottish Gaelic
English
OS grid reference NF776552
Civil parish
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ISLE OF BENBECULA
Postcode district HS7
Dialling code 01870
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
57°28′23″N 7°22′41″W / 57.473°N 7.378°W / 57.473; -7.378Coordinates: 57°28′23″N 7°22′41″W / 57.473°N 7.378°W / 57.473; -7.378

Balivanich (Scottish Gaelic: Baile a' Mhanaich) is a village on the island of Benbecula in the Outer Hebrides off the west coast of Scotland. It is the main centre for Benbecula and the adjacent islands of North Uist, South Uist and several smaller islands. Balivanich is within the parish of South Uist.[1]

History[edit]

The name meaning "town of the monk" possibly relates to a monastery which may have been founded here as early as during the 6th century. Teampull Chaluim Chille, an ancient church dedicated to Columba, might have been part of this monastery; its remains can still be seen south of the village.[2] An airfield to the north, built during World War II, became the control centre for the Hebrides rocket range, established in 1957 at the height of the Cold War. It is now Benbecula Airport.

Geography[edit]

Balivanich is located on the north-west coast of Benbecula in a largely flat area (0 to 10 meters above sea level). As of the date of the census on April 29, 2001, the territory of village of comprised 3.76 km2 (1.45 sq mi).[3]

Climate[edit]

A weather station has collected climate data for the island a short distance to the North East at Benbecula airport. As with the rest of the British Isles and Scotland, Balivanich experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters, and is particularly windy due to its position directly facing the North Atlantic.

Climate data for Benbecula 6m asl, 1971-2000, Rainfall 1951-1980 (Weather station 1 mile (2 km) to the North of Balivanich)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
7.3
(45.1)
8.3
(46.9)
10.0
(50)
12.9
(55.2)
14.5
(58.1)
16.1
(61)
16.2
(61.2)
14.4
(57.9)
12.0
(53.6)
9.2
(48.6)
7.8
(46)
11.33
(52.38)
Average low °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
2.4
(36.3)
3.1
(37.6)
4.3
(39.7)
6.6
(43.9)
8.9
(48)
11.1
(52)
11.0
(51.8)
9.2
(48.6)
7.3
(45.1)
4.6
(40.3)
3.2
(37.8)
6.18
(43.13)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 129
(5.08)
86
(3.39)
89
(3.5)
62
(2.44)
65
(2.56)
76
(2.99)
83
(3.27)
83
(3.27)
119
(4.69)
139
(5.47)
140
(5.51)
132
(5.2)
1,203
(47.36)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 40.3 70.6 114.7 174.0 201.5 195.0 142.6 151.9 114.0 77.5 48.0 27.9 1,361
Source #1: YR.NO[4]
Source #2: ScotClim[5]

Economy[edit]

The local council (Comhairle nan Eilean Siar) has offices in Balivanich, and there is also a Post Office, hospital, primary school and several shops and cafés.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Balivanich is on the B892 and is connected to the north-south main road, which is the A865.[6] This connects North Uist, Benbecula and South Uist. The village is served by the bus route W17,[7] which operates between Berneray in the north and Eriskay in the south. This service is provided by the local government for the Western Isles (Comhairle nan Eilean Siar) in collaboration with local bus companies and the PostBus service. The buses are regular, but not frequent, due to the low number of inhabitants.

Benbecula in Balivanich airport reception building

Several private taxi services complement the bus traffic. In addition, there is a scheduled door to door transport service for the elderly and those with restricted mobility, driving to shops, banks, post offices and other important amenities with minibuses.[8]

Airport[edit]

Benbecula Airport (Port Adhair Bheinn na Fadhla) (IATA: BEB, ICAO: EGPL) is located on the northern edge of the village. The operator is the Highlands and Islands Airports Limited based in Inverness.

Operations include scheduled flights to the Mainland (Inverness via Stornoway and Glasgow International) and mail cargo flights. In addition, the airport is used, due to its central location close to the hospital, as a landing site for rescue helicopters and aircraft.[9] Some land is also used for the Royal Air Force to refuel and for transport and logistics purposes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Details of Balivanich". Scottish Places. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Catriona Garbutt, Jean Newman: "Teampull Chaluim Chille - Balivanich's Scheduled Monument" In: Am Pàipear - Balivanich - No. 315, April 2012, p. 20–21.
  3. ^ "SCROL Analyser". SCROL. Archived from the original on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Benbecula 1971-2000 averages". YR.NO. Retrieved 3 Nov 2011. 
  5. ^ "Benbecula 1951-1980 averages". ScotClim. Retrieved 3 Nov 2011. 
  6. ^ "B892". Sabre. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Bus Services". Comhairle nan Eilean Siar. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Community Transport & Dial-A-Bus". Tagsa Uibhist. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  9. ^ "Benbecula Airport". Highland & Islands Airports. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 

External links[edit]