Ban de la Roche
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Le Ban de la Roche (German: Steintal) is the name of an ancient seigneurie, later a county. It is situated in Alsace, France, Département du Bas-Rhin. This small region is referred by its old Ancien régime name because of its strong identity and because it is relatively different from its neighbors, including the fact that it was a Lutheran community surrounded by Catholic villages. There was an Amish farm in the village of Neuviller.
The Seigneurie included eight villages: Rothau (Seigneurie-seat), Wildersbach, Neuviller-la-Roche (along with hamlets La Haute Goutte and Riangoutte), Waldersbach, Bellefosse, Belmont, Fouday (with the hamlet Trouchy) and Solbach.
One of the most important lords of Ban de la Roche was Georges-Jean de Veldenz (German: Georg Hans von Veldenz) (1543–1592), son-in-law of the king of Sweden, and founder of the city of Phalsbourg. Count de Veldenz bought Le Ban de la Roche for its mining possibilities.
There were many witchcraft trials held in Le Ban de la Roche between the years 1620-1630.
Ban de la Roche was on the Amish centre. There was an Amish farm ("cense" in the local way of speaking) called Sommerhof in La Haute Goutte.
- It is also the land of the famous minister and philanthropist J. F. Oberlin, whose parish was Waldersbach.
- Frédérique Brion, who had a love affair with Goethe, briefly lived in Rothau
- Gustave Brion was an artist who illustrated Victor Hugo's masterpieces Les Miserables and Notre-Dame de Paris
- Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich, Count of Le Ban de la Roche, Maire of Strasbourg, an industrialist, a scientist and a man of the Lumières, a friend of La Fayette; La Marseillaise, the French national hymn, was at first sung in his parlour in Strasbourg; he was guillotined.
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- the title "Comté" (Count) has been barred since the French Revolution.