Barbus grypus Heckel, 1843
The shabout (Arabibarbus grypus) is a species of Cyprinid fish called in English, Persian or Arabic by the alternate common names shirbot and variations shabut, shabboot or shabbout, and in local languages by several other common names. It is a large freshwater carp found in the Tigris-Euphrates Basin. It is a commercially fished species in this region. This species can grow to a length of nearly 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) and a weight of over 50 kg (110 lb).
The shabout has recently been in the news  when it was proposed that this "shabut" was identical to the fish called in the Talmud shibuta (שיבוטא). The latter's brain is famous for being touted as the kosher equivalent, taste-wise, of the otherwise forbidden and even taboo pork meat (cf. Chullin 109b). However, names of species are notorious for changing over time and between related languages, a fact, incidentally, the Talmud itself attests. The fact that Arabibarbus grypus is called in Modern Hebrew Shibuta is no proof that it is the same fish as the Talmudic one, as Modern Hebrew has a strong tendency to assimilate local Arabic names for such realia.
The fish is also being considered for aquaculture. Many species of carp are farmed as a protein source already.
- Borkenhagen, K. (2014): A new genus and species of cyprinid fish (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from the Arabian Peninsula, and its phylogenetic and zoogeographic affinities. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 97: 1179–1195.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2017). "Arabibarbus grypus" in FishBase. April 2017 version.
- "At Kosher Feast, Fried Locusts for Dessert –". Forward.com. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
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