Bargate stone

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Bargate stone is a highly durable form of sandstone. It owes its yellow, butter or honey colouring to the high iron oxide content, thus can also be considered ironstone. Its closest relation in England is Yorkstone which is usually paler.

Church of St. Mary and All Saints, Dunsfold

Sources[edit]

This stone was quarried for centuries in the Greensand Ridge, particularly where it is widest in south west Surrey, England. It occurs near the surface and was quarried in the hillsides of the parish of the town Godalming. Medieval quarries are visible in Godalming, at the foot of Holloway Hill.

Bargate stone is in relatively rare in current use, it being difficult to find other sources in England of a strong yellow/honey coloured sandstone. Bath stone, Yorkstone and other similar coloured stone is sometimes instead used, or to complement it.

Use[edit]

Bargate found in many buildings in Surrey, approximately 250 of which are listed, and in two churches in London.[1] It is endemic to older buildings near the Greensand Ridge where it is found. Its 20th century use tended towards coursed use of Bargate sandstone with bricks, or concrete, sometimes with ashlar dressings or mortar rendering.[2]

Examples[edit]

Early medieval[edit]

16th Century[edit]

Tillingbourne Cottage, Wotton, Surrey[9]

17th Century[edit]

Cosford Mill, Thursley[10]

18th Century[edit]

19th Century[edit]

20th Century[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Tower parapet only
  2. ^ By Joseph Peacock
  3. ^ By Sir Edwin Lutyens
  4. ^ by architect Benjamin Ferrey - Bargate here described not as sandstone but ragstone
  5. ^ By Lutyens
  6. ^ By Lutyens
  7. ^ By Henry Woodyer as architect's home, now school
  8. ^ By Henry Woodyer, formerly a church
  9. ^ William Bassett Smith and Thomas Graham Jackson
  10. ^ By J D Coleridge, for Robert EA Murray and later for Sir John Jarvis
  11. ^ Mostly made of Doulton stone
  12. ^ By Frederick Walters, dressings in Bath stone, many religious reredos including angels and the Virgin Mary
References
  1. ^ Advanced Search by text 'Bargate' less Bargate Farmhouse and Street/Lane/Bargate meaning road
  2. ^ a b Pinewoods Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1192323)". National Heritage List for England. 
  3. ^ The Castle Keep, Castle Hill (Guildford) Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1377881)". National Heritage List for England. 
  4. ^ St Nicholas's Church, Compton Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1188621)". National Heritage List for England. 
  5. ^ Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Oxted Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1189608)". National Heritage List for England. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1377918)". National Heritage List for England. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1378082)". National Heritage List for England. 
  8. ^ All Saints, Witley Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1260732)". National Heritage List for England. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1378102)". National Heritage List for England. 
  10. ^ Cosford Mill Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1241732)". National Heritage List for England. 
  11. ^ Leith Hill Tower Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1028808)". National Heritage List for England. 
  12. ^ St Catherine's 'School' Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1377893)". National Heritage List for England. 
  13. ^ St Stephen's Church, Kensington Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1293603)". National Heritage List for England. 
  14. ^ St Nicholas's Church, Guildford Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029291)". National Heritage List for England. 
  15. ^ St Michaels Church, Camberley Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1030037)". National Heritage List for England. 
  16. ^ Charterhouse School, Main Building Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1190288)". National Heritage List for England. 
    Charterhouse School, Old Museum House Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1190406)". National Heritage List for England. 
  17. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1235247)". National Heritage List for England. 
  18. ^ St Stephen's Church Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1235247)". National Heritage List for England. 
  19. ^ Munstead Wood Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1261159)". National Heritage List for England. 
  20. ^ Chinthurst Hill Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1260635)". National Heritage List for England. 
  21. ^ Grafham GrangeHistoric England. "Details from listed building database (1249489)". National Heritage List for England. 
  22. ^ St James' CourtHistoric England. "Details from listed building database (1378283)". National Heritage List for England. 
  23. ^ St John's Church, CaterhamHistoric England. "Details from listed building database (1294940)". National Heritage List for England. 
  24. ^ Pergola Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1000302)". National Heritage List for England. 
  25. ^ Hascombe Court Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1384634)". National Heritage List for England. 
  26. ^ War memorial platform, Bramshott Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1392394)". National Heritage List for England. 
  27. ^ Pergola Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1391327)". National Heritage List for England. 
  28. ^ Orchards (park and garden) Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1001174)". National Heritage List for England.