Barinas Province (1786 - 1864) was a province of the Spanish Empire and later of Venezuela.
It was founded on 15 February 1786, with territory formerly part of the Maracaibo Province. In 1823, Apure Province was split from Barinas, with the Uribante River and Apure River marking the border. The following year Gran Colombia was reorganised into four Departments, with the Apure Department consisting of Apure Province and Barinas Province.
- (Spanish) Apure State, Historia