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For other uses, see Barmen (disambiguation).
Barmen in 1870. Painting by August von Wille

Barmen is a former industrial metropolis of the region of Bergisches Land, Germany, which merged with four other towns in 1929 to form the city of Wuppertal. Barmen was the birthplace of Friedrich Engels and together with the neighbouring town of Elberfeld founded the first electric suspended monorail tramway system, the Schwebebahn floating tram. Barmen was a pioneering centre for both the early industrial revolution on the European mainland, and for the socialist movement and its theory. It was the location of one of the first concentration camps in Nazi Germany, KZ Wuppertal-Barmen, later better known as Kemna concentration camp.[1]

Oberbarmen (Upper Barmen) is the eastern part of Barmen, and Unterbarmen (Lower Barmen) the western part.


The asteroid 118173 Barmen is named in its honour, celebrating the 1934 Synod which issued the Barmen Declaration defining Protestant opposition to National-Socialist ideology.

Historical population[edit]

Year Population
1591 around 1,000
1640 around 1,900
1800 around 12,000
1810 16,289
1816 19,030[2]
1840 30,847
December 1, 1875 86,504
December 1, 1890 116,144[2]
December 1, 1900 141,947
1905 156,148[2]
December 1, 1910 169,214
December 1, 1919 156,326[dubious ]
June 16, 1925 187,099


  1. ^ David Magnus Mintert, Das frühe Konzentrationslager Kemna und das sozialistische Milieu im Bergischen Land[permanent dead link] (PDF) Ruhr University Bochum, doctoral dissertation (2007), pp 144–145. Retrieved January 14, 2012 (German)
  2. ^ a b c Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Barmen". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Coordinates: 51°16′N 7°12′E / 51.267°N 7.200°E / 51.267; 7.200