Barrymore (Irish: Barraigh Mhóra[l 1]) is a barony in County Cork in Ireland.[l 1] It is the namesake of the de Barry family, Old English family latterly created Earls of Barrymore. Barrymore is bordered by eight baronies:
- To the south-west, the Barony of Cork and the Barony of Cork City
- to the west, the Barony of Barretts
- To the north-west, Duhallow
- To the north, the Barony of Fermoy
- To the north-east, Condons and Clangibbon
- To the east, Kinnataloon
- To the south-east, Imokilly
It stretches from the Nagle Mountains in the north, through the valley of the River Bride, to the north shore of Cork Harbour, including Little Island, Great Island, and Haulbowline Island.[l 2]
Baronies were created after the Norman invasion as subdivisions of counties and were used for administration. Baronies continue to be regarded as officially defined units, but they are no longer used for many administrative purposes. While they have been administratively obsolete since 1898, they continue to be used in land registration and specification such as in planning permissions. In many cases, a barony corresponds to an earlier Gaelic túath which had submitted to the Crown.
The ancestor of the De Barry family in Ireland, Philip de Barry, received from his uncle, Robert Fitz-Stephen, a grant of three cantreds in his own half of the Kingdom of Desmond ("the kingdom of Cork") viz. Olethan, Muschiri-on-Dunnegan (or Muskerry Donegan) and Killyde (or Killede) by the service of ten knights. These cantreds became the baronies or hundreds of Oliehan, Oryrry and Ogormliehan respectively. The name "Oliehan" is an anglicisation of the Gaelic Uí Liatháin which refers to the early medieval kingdom of the Uí Liatháin. This petty kingdom encompassed most of the land in Barrymore and the neighbouring barony of Kinnatalloon. Oryrry is currently known as the Barony of Orrery and Kilmore. The name Killyde survives in "Killeady Hills", the name of the hill country south of the city of Cork. According to Rev. Barry, the baronies were
Civil parishes and settlements
Settlements in the barony include Bartlemy,[l 3] Castlelyons,[l 4] Carrignavar,[l 4] Carrigtohill,[l 4] Cóbh,[l 5] Glounthaune,[l 3] Bridebridge,[l 4] Midleton,[l 4] Rathcormack,[l 4] and Watergrasshill.[l 4]
- Barrymore: islands and archipelagos
- Barrymore: population centres
- Barrymore: towns
- Barrymore: features
From other sources:
- "Barrymore". The Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland adapted to the new Poor-Law, Franchise, Municipal and Ecclesiastical arrangements ... as existing in 1844–45. I: A–C. Dublin: A. Fullarton & Co. 1846. p. 227.
- Joyce, P.W. (c. 1880). "County Cork". Philips' Handy Atlas of the Counties of Ireland. London: George Philips & Son. p. 7.
- Smith. "ch.i". History of Cork Bk I.
- Egerton MS., 75 B. M., as quoted in Copinger, W. A. (1893). "Book II–Chapter ii". Historical Notes to Smith's History of Cork. p. 175.
- Barry, E (1902). "I: Barrymores". Barrymore : records of the Barrys of County Cork from the earliest to the present time, with pedigrees. Cork: Guy & Co. p. 18.