Barra Castle

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side view of Barra Castle
Side view of Barra Castle

Barra Castle is an unusual L-plan tower house dating from the early 16th century, about two miles south of Oldmeldrum, above the Lochter Burn, in the parish of Bourtie,[1] Aberdeenshire, Scotland.[2] It occupies the site of the Battle of Inverurie (1308), in which Robert Bruce defeated John Comyn, Earl of Buchan.[2]

History[edit]

A castle on this site was, from the mid-13th century, the seat of the King family.[1]

An earlier castle associated with the hereditary Forester and Coroner of the Garioch, a Blackhall,[3] may be incorporated in the main block and south-eastern wing, but the present castle owes its form mainly to George Seton, chancellor of the University of Aberdeen, Tutor and Vicar of Meldrum[3] who was granted the estate in 1598.[2] A charter of 1599 to George Seton, tutor of Meldrum, mentions the erection of the lands of Barra as a free barony, while a charter of 1615, ordains that the 'fortalice of Barra' is to be the chief seat of the barony.[3]

James Reid, an Aberdeen advocate,[3] was in possession of the estate by 1630, and the Reid family retained it until 1754. Dame Margaret Abercrombie, the wife of John Reid (who was made a baronet in 1703), refitted parts of the house; she may be responsible for the fireplace in the Great Hall.[2]

The purchaser in 1754 was John Ramsay of Melrose, a merchant trading in Russia,[3] who added the north wing, and his descendants still own it; a Ramsay heiress married Andrew Irvine,[3] one of the Irvines of Drum, early in the 20th century.[2] John Ramsay preferred his estate at Straloch, and after his death in 1787 the property came to be used as a farmhouse. It was restored as a dower house, to plans by George Bennet Mitchell, in the first decade of the twentieth century.[2]

Structure[edit]

Barra Castle

The plan of the castle is an unusual variation on the L-plan, with the main block of the castle lying north to south. There is a circular tower at the south-west. A D-plan tower at the south-east contains the main stair and entrance. This tower, corbelled square at the top to give a watch-room, links to a large square wing. At its north-west angle this wing has a second circular tower.[2] The castle’s entrance is in the main re-entrant angle.[2] The towers have conical roofs.[3]

Running eastward from the north end of the main block there is an addition, dating from the 18th century. A wall to the east, which contains the entrance, forms the fourth side of a square court.[2]

The buildings around the courtyard are three storeys high, built of pinned boulder rubble. The main gables are crow stepped. The drawing room, which is panelled, has a large chimneypiece, with a later one inserted in it. The first floor bedroom in the South East wing has panelling dating from the early to mid-18th century. There is a panelled sitting room in the North wing.[4]

The castle is a category A listed building[4] and is constructed on the site of Robert the Bruce's successful battle against John Comyn, Earl of Buchan in 1308.[5]

The Hunterian Museum in Glasgow has a hammerstone from Barra Castle.[3]

Paintings[edit]

There are two paintings of the interior of the castle by James Cassie in the Aberdeen Art Gallery:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parish of Bourtie". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Lindsay, Maurice (1986) The Castles of Scotland. Constable. ISBN 0-09-473430-5 p77
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Barra Castle". Canmore. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Barra Castle". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  5. ^ MacGibbon, David; Ross, Thomas (1887), The castellated and domestic architecture of Scotland from the twelfth to the eighteenth century, D. Douglas, p. 399 

Coordinates: 57°11′31″N 2°12′17″W / 57.1919°N 2.2048°W / 57.1919; -2.2048