Barra do Rio Mamanguape Environmental Protection Area

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Barra do Rio Mamanguape Environmental Protection Area
Área de Proteção Ambiental Barra do Rio Mamanguape
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Barra do rio Mamanguape Paraiba.jpg
Overview of the protected area
Map showing the location of Barra do Rio Mamanguape Environmental Protection Area
Map showing the location of Barra do Rio Mamanguape Environmental Protection Area
Location in Brazil
Location State of Paraíba, Northeastern Brazil
Nearest city Mamanguape
Coordinates 6°46′12″S 34°55′48″W / 6.77°S 34.930°W / -6.77; -34.930Coordinates: 6°46′12″S 34°55′48″W / 6.77°S 34.930°W / -6.77; -34.930
Area 14,640 hectares (36,200 acres)
Designation Environmental Protection Area
Established 10 September 1993

Barra do Rio Mamanguape Environmental Protection Area (Portuguese: Área de Proteção Ambiental Barra do Rio Mamanguape) is a protected area of 14,640 hectares in the estuary of the Mamanguape River in the state of Paraíba, Brazil.

Foundation[edit]

There was a drive to develop sugar cane plantations in the region in the 1970s. The resulting massive loss of Atlantic Forest created pressure to use the mangroves in the Mamanguape River estuary as wood for construction, despite the poor quality of the wood and the value of the mangroves as shelter for crabs, clams, oysters and fish.[1] The coastal marine protected area, which has an area of 14,640 hectares (36,200 acres), was finally established on 10 September 1993. It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.[2]

The area includes parts of the Baía da Traição, Lucena, Marcação and Rio Tinto municipalities of Paraíba. It is IUCN protected area category V (protected landscape/seascape).[3] The overall purpose is to control land use, protect biodiversity and ensure sustainable use of natural resources. Specific objectives include conserving the habitat of the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus), conserving the remaining mangrove and rainforest, and promoting eco-tourism.[3]

Environment[edit]

The Barra do Rio Mamanguape is a relatively secluded area on the north coast of Paraiba with sandy beaches, dunes, reefs and well-preserved mangroves. It is the main area where the manatee is found, and the main breeding area.[4] The area contains remnants of the Atlantic Forest biome.[3] Its importance is linked to its estuary ecosystem, which includes the manatee, species highly threatened in the area.

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]