Pandemis cerasana

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Pandemis cerasana
Tortricidae - Pandemis cerasana.JPG
Pandemis cerasana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Section: Cossina
Family: Tortricidae
Tribe: Archipini
Genus: Pandemis
Species: P. cerasana
Binomial name
Pandemis cerasana
(Hübner, 1786)[1]
Synonyms

Pandemis cerasana, the barred fruit-tree tortrix, is a moth of the family Tortricidae. [2][3][4]

Distribution[edit]

This quite common species is found in Europe, from the Iberian Peninsula to the Ural Mountains and the Caucasus, east to southern Siberia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and the Far East. It is also found in Asia Minor and Iran. It is an introduced species in North America.[5][6]

Habitat[edit]

The barred fruit-tree tortrix live in woodland areas, gardens and orchards. [7]

Description[edit]

Pandemis cerasana

The wingspan of Pandemis cerasana can reach 16–25 mm. [7] Forewings ground colour ranges from pale ocher yellow to greyish brown with a large dark chestnut brown V marking and a dark brown lateral spot. The outer margin of forewings is sinuous, slightly oblique. The hind wings are almost uniform greyish brown. Antennae of the males have a notch near the base. Larvae can reach a length of about 20 millimetres (0.79 in). They are light green, thin and flattened. Pupae are light brown to brownish black and reach a length of 9–15 millimetres (0.35–0.59 in). These tortrix moths usually rest holding their bell-shaped wings in a flattened posture. [7][8]

Biology[edit]

In western Europe these moths fly from June to August, mainly from dusk into the night. [7] This species has two generations a year, the second generation larva being the winter form. The larvae are polyphagous and feed on various deciduous trees and shrubs (Abies, Alnus, Acer, Betula, Crataegus, Fraxinus, Quercus) including fruit-trees (especially apple and pear, hazelnut (Corylus), currant (Ribes), blackberry and raspberry (Rubus) and cherry and plum (Prunus). [7][8]

Pupa

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tortricidae.com
  2. ^ Catalogue of life
  3. ^ Beccaloni G., Scoble M., Kitching I., Simonsen T., Robinson G., Pitkin B., Hine A. & Lyal C. (2016). The Global Lepidoptera Names Index
  4. ^ Biolib
  5. ^ Alipanah, Helen, 2009: A brief study on the tribes Tortricini and Archipini (Lepidoptera: Tortricinae) from Iran. Entomofauna Band 30, Heft 10: 137-152.
  6. ^ Fauna europaea
  7. ^ a b c d e UK Moths
  8. ^ a b Arthropods of economic importance

External links[edit]