Bartholomaeus of Bruges

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Bartholomaeus of Bruges (Barthélemy de Bruges) (died 1356) was a Flemish physician and natural philosopher.


He graduated M.A. at the University of Paris in 1307, and became a master of medicine. He came under the influence of Radulphus Brito.[1]

Bartholomaeus served as physician to Guy I, Count of Blois until the count died.[2] He was a reforming medical teacher, replacing the older curriculum based on the Articella by a new Galenism.[3]


Bartholomaeus wrote commentaries on Aristotle.[4][5] His work on the Poetics is noted for its sympathy with mimesis as a poetical function, and so an opening towards classical drama[6] (the original work of Aristotle not being available at the time in Western Europe, the basis was a Latin translation by Hermannus Alemannus from Averroes, the Commentaria Media).[7] He engaged in controversy with John of Jandun on the sensus agens, an active perceptive faculty of the soul.[8] The reply of John of Jandun has been dated to 1310.[9]

At the University of Montpellier he wrote also on the Ars Medicine.[10] Some of the medical works that were attributed to him are considered to be by Bartholomew of Salerno instead.[11] In 1348, at the time of the Black Death, he wrote on the plague.[4]


  1. ^ Benoît Patar (2006). Dictionnaire des Philosophes Médiévaux (in French). Les Editions Fides. pp. 95–6. ISBN 978-2-7621-2741-6. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Alfonso Maierù; Alfonso Maierù - Agostino Paravicini Bagliani. Studi sul XIV secolo in memoria di Anneliese Maier. Ed. di Storia e Letteratura. p. 418. GGKEY:L405NCPNGP7. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Luis Garcia-Ballester; Roger French; Jon Arrizabalaga; Andrew Cunningham (16 December 1993). Practical Medicine from Salerno to the Black Death. Cambridge University Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-521-43101-9. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Thomas F. Glick; Steven J. Livesey; Faith Wallis (29 September 2005). Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-415-96930-7. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  5. ^, Bartholomew of Bruges.
  6. ^ Donnalee Dox (5 August 2004). The Idea of the Theater in Latin Christian Thought: Augustine to the Fourteenth Century. University of Michigan Press. pp. 116–7. ISBN 978-0-472-11423-8. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Perrine Galand-Hallyn; Fernand Hallyn; Terence Cave (2001). Poétiques de la Renaissance (in French). Librairie Droz. pp. 49–. ISBN 978-2-600-00474-9. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Simo Knuuttila; Pekka Kärkkäinen (20 March 2008). Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. Springer. p. 215. ISBN 978-1-4020-6124-0. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  9. ^ A. Pattin (1 January 1988). Pour l'histoire du sens agent: La controverse entre Barthélemy de Bruges et Jean de Jandun. Ses antécédents et son évolution. Etudes de textes inédits. Leuven University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-90-6186-263-5. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  10. ^ Cornelius O'Boyle (1998). The Art of Medicine: Medical Teaching at the University of Paris, 1250-1400. BRILL. p. 200. ISBN 978-90-04-11124-0. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  11. ^ Ernest Wickersheimer; Danielle Jacquart (1979). Dictionnaire biographique des médecins en France au Moyen âge (in French). Librairie Droz. p. 38. ISBN 978-2-600-03384-8. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 

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