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Although this figure does not imply Basque descent for each individual, it is estimated that up to 10% of Uruguay's population has at least one parent with a Basque surname. The first wave of Basque immigrants to Uruguay came from the French side of the Basque country beginning about 1824.
- Atanasio de la Cruz Aguirre (1801–1875), politician, President of the Republic
- Juan José de Amézaga (1881–1956), lawyer, politician, President of the Republic
- Carlos Anaya (1777–1862), politician, historian, President of the Republic
- Rodney Arismendi (1913–1989), Communist ideologue and politician
- Lauro Ayestarán (1913-1966), musicologist
- Domingo Bordaberry (1889–1952), lawyer, rancher and politician
- Juan María Bordaberry (1928–2011), rancher, President of the Republic
- Juan Campisteguy (1859–1937), lawyer, soldier, President of the Republic
- Martín Recaredo Echegoyen (1891–1974), lawyer, politician, President of the National Council of Government
- Eduardo Víctor Haedo (1901–1970), politician, President of the National Council of Government
- Juan Idiarte Borda (1844–1897), rancher, President of the Republic
- Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga (1771–1848), Roman Catholic priest and naturalist
- Domingo Ordoñana (1829–1897), rancher
- Emilio Oribe (1893–1975), poet
- Manuel Oribe (1792–1857) general, President of the Republic
- Inocencio María Yéregui (1833-1890), Roman Catholic priest, Bishop of Montevideo
- Alfredo Zitarrosa (1936–1989), singer and composer
- Gonzalo Aguirre, lawyer, Vice President of the Republic
- Antonio Alzamendi, footballer
- Alejandro Atchugarry, lawyer and politician, Minister of Economics and Finance
- Pablo Atchugarry, sculptor and artist
- Pedro Bordaberry, lawyer, former government minister and Senator
- Daniel Chavarría, activist and writer
- Roberto Echavarren, poet and translator
- Jerónimo Etcheverry, rugby union player
- Diego Forlán, footballer
- Jorge Larrañaga, lawyer and politician
- Diego Laxalt, footballer
- José Mujica, florist and fighter, President of the Republic
- Agustín Ormaechea, rugby union player
- Santiago Ostolaza, footballer
- Jonathan Urretaviscaya, footballer
- Christian, Shirley (November 21, 1989). "Montevideo Journal: Basques Have Lots to Boast of (and at Times Do)". The New York Times. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
A fourth of Uruguay's three million people have at least one parent with a Basque surname.
- Felipe Arocena. "The contribution of immigrants to Uruguay" (PDF) (in Spanish). multiculturalismoenuruguay.com. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Pi Hugarte, Renzo; Vidart, Daniel (1970). El legado de los inmigrantes (PDF) (in Spanish). Montevideo: Nuestra Tierra.
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