Bassam el-Shammaa

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Bassam El Shammaa is a researcher in Egyptology and senior tour guide.[1][2]

Save the Sphinx campaign[edit]

Shammaa, having expressed concern for the conditions in which the Sphinx monument and its surroundings exist, began an awareness campaign online during 2007.[3] The response from the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) stated that a team of Cairean experts had been deployed with the goal of containing the risk. At the time of the article's publication, the head of the SCA, Zahi Hawass had stated that geological experts were compiling a report on the degree of risk present.[4]

During 2007 it was reported in the Daily News Egypt that Shammaa considered it possible that there had been two Sphinx statues present at the site of the existing monument, a position he had stated was supported by the traditionally considered position on the subject. This opinion was in contrary to the thought that the Sphinx is, in fact, the sole constructive at the location, designed to guard the Pyramids. Support for Shammaa's position was given (amongst others) by the Thutmosis IV stele showing, in fact, two sphinxes. To conclude the content of the article (as reported) stated that John Gardner Wilkinson considered the argument to be unsolvable.[5][6]

Appeal to rebuild the Lighthouse of Alexandria[edit]

The Alexandrian magazine (Amwag)stated the first to call for the rebuilding of the structure was Dr El Hadidi in 1978, to Dr Helmy the then governor Alexandria, he proceeded to promote the notion within the international media. At the time preliminary plans were made to begin the construction progress having been arrested by the change of governorship. Shammaa in 2008 appealed to the relevant bodies of Egypt to consider the proposed rebuilding, stating that since sufficient information available from early historical documentation and the measurements and plans taken at the 1978, the construction should proceed.[7]

Proposal of mummy return[edit]

His motivation to begin the campaign arose from observations of reactions from some of the visitors to the tomb site. Continuing to suggest that maintaining the mummified bodies at locations outside of Egypt was disrespectful of tradition of Egypt and the beliefs concerning the "sanctity and integrity of the dead"[8]

Published works[edit]

Egypt: Future of the Past ISBN 0-9658039-1-0 / 0-9658039-1-0[9]


  1. ^ Daily news Egypt-Ahmed Mageb interview published october 2008 Archived November 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 19/09/2011
  2. ^ Daily News Egypt october 2008 Archived October 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 19/09/2011
  3. ^ Daily news Egypt May 2008 Archived November 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Daily star Egypt
  4. ^ Daily news Egypt-November 2009 19/09/2011 Archived March 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ taken from Daily News Egypt article August 2007 19/09/2011
  6. ^ Second Sphinx article written by B. el-Shammaa retrieved 28 February 2008
  7. ^ Daily News Egypt Archived December 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 19/09/2011
  8. ^ Daily News Egypt February 2008 Archived March 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 19/09/2011
  9. ^ text by B. el-Shammaa retrieved 19/09/2011

External links[edit]