Battle of Grimball's Landing

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Battle of Grimball's Landing
Part of the American Civil War
DateJuly 16, 1863 (1863-07-16)
Location
Result Inconclusive
Belligerents
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
Alfred Terry
George Balch
Johnson Hagood
Units involved
1st Military District, South Carolina
Strength
3,800 3,000
Casualties and losses
30 killed,
14 prisoners[1]
3 killed,
12 wounded,
3 missing[1]

The Battle of Grimball's Landing took place in James Island, South Carolina, on 16 July 1863, during the American Civil War. It was a part of the campaign known as Operations Against the Defenses of Charleston.

Opposing forces[edit]

Union[edit]

Confederate[edit]

Battle[edit]

Map of Grimball's Landing Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program.

To draw Confederate forces away from reinforcing Fort Wagner, Brig. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore designed two feints. One force was sent up Stono River to threaten the Charleston & Savannah Railroad bridge. A second force, consisting of Alfred Terry's division, landed on James Island on 8 July. Soon, Terry demonstrated his forces before the Confederate defenses, but did not launch an attack.

On 11 July Gillmore made his move on Fort Wagner. The attack was made by the 7th Connecticut Infantry. Supported by a heavy naval bombardment, the assault jumped off at dawn, moving forward through a thick morning fog which helped to conceal their advance. The attackers were met with stiff resistance, and were forced back with heavy losses. The regiment lost 339 men, with 123 wounded, 49 killed, and 167 missing. Against this the defenders suffered 12 casualties.[2] Gillmore considered his next move.

Meanwhile the Confederates moved against James Island. On 16 July they attacked, with the goal of encircling and destroying part of the Union forces there. The men of the 10th Connecticut Infantry were in an exposed position, and in jeopardy of being cut off. The Confederate efforts to get around them were checked by the men of the 54th Massachusetts, who rebuffed a series of attacks while the 10th Connecticut was withdrawn.[3] The 54th suffered 43 casualties, with 14 killed, 17 wounded, and 12 others lost to capture, but the 10th Connecticut was saved.[4] The following day the Union forces were pulled off the island.[5]

This battle was the first engagement of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Capers, Ellison (1899). Confederate Military History. Volume 5. Confederate Publishing Company. p. 234.
  2. ^ Dyer, p. 831; Kennedy, p. 192.
  3. ^ Crocker, Matthew (February 2000). "Robert Gould Shaw". American National Biography. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  4. ^ Emilo, 1894, pp.57-60
  5. ^ Hedden, Paul (16 July 2014). "Battle of Sol Legare Island, July 16, 1863". James Island Messenger.
  6. ^ Hedden, Paul (16 July 2014). "Battle of Sol Legare Island, July 16, 1863". James Island Messenger. James Island, South Carolina. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2016.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the National Park Service document "Grimball's Landing".

Further reading[edit]

  • Burton, E. Milby. The Siege of Charleston 1861–1865. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1970. ISBN 0-87249-345-8.
  • Kennedy, Frances H., ed. The Civil War Battlefield Guide. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1998. ISBN 0-395-74012-6.
  • Reed, Rowena. Combined Operations in the Civil War. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1978. ISBN 0-87021-122-6.
  • Wise, Stephen R. Gate of Hell: Campaign for Charleston Harbor, 1863. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1994. ISBN 0-87249-985-5.

Coordinates: 32°41′53″N 79°58′59″W / 32.698°N 79.983°W / 32.698; -79.983