Siege of Charleston Harbor Confederate order of battle

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The following Confederate Army units and commanders fought in the Siege of Charleston Harbor of the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is listed separately.

The following lists contain the commanders and units[1] involved in the operations against Charleston Harbor from July to September 1863. The first phase from July 10–18 includes the initial engagements at First Fort Wagner, Grimball's Landing and Second Fort Wagner. The second phase from July 19-September 8 includes siege operations against Charleston Harbor and Fort Sumter.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

  • w = wounded
  • mw = mortally wounded
  • k =killed
  • c = captured

Initial Engagements (July 10–18, 1863)[edit]

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida[edit]

Gen Pierre G. T. Beauregard

First District[edit]

BG Roswell S. Ripley

Division Post Regiments and Others

First Sub-Division "James Island"

Col Charles H. Simonton until 10 July
BG Johnson Hagood

Secessionville
  • 25th South Carolina Infantry: Ltc John G. Presley
  • 20th South Carolina Infantry (7 companies): Ltc Olin M. Dantzler
  • 1st South Carolina Light Battery: Cpt Francis D. Blake
Clark House
  • Company D, Palmetto Battalion (Wagner Artillery):[2] Cpt Charles E. Kanapaux
  • Company G, Palmetto Battalion (DeSaussure Artillery): Cpt William L. De Pass
West James Island
  • Company E, Palmetto Battalion: Cpt John D. Johnson
  • Company H, Palmetto Battalion: Cpt Thomas A. Holtzclaw
  • Company I, Palmetto Battalion: Cpt J.R. Bowden
  • Company K, Palmetto Battalion: Cpt Samuel M. Richardson
Fort Pemberton
  • Company A, Lucas Battalion:[3] Cpt John A Gary
  • Company B, Lucas Battalion: Cpt Robert Pringle
  • Company C, Lucas Battalion: Cpt Theodore B. Hayne
Fort Lamar
  • Company B, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt J.W. Lancaster
  • Company K, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt Harry C. Culbreath
Fort Johnson
  • Company I, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt Joseph B. Humbert
Fort Glover
  • Company G, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt George W. Stallings
Batteries Haig and Palmer
  • Company C, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt Medicus Rickenbacker
East James Island
  • Company A, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt William A. Hunter
  • Company D, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt William Charles
  • Company E, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt B. E. Dickson
  • Company H, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt William Kennedy
  • Company F, 2nd South Carolina Artillery: Cpt Thomas K. Lagare
Cavalry

2nd Sub-Division

Col Lawrence M. Keitt

Fort Moultrie
  • 1st South Carolina Artillery (4 companies)
Battery Bee
  • 1st South Carolina Artillery (2 companies)
Battery Marshall
  • 1st South Carolina Artillery (3 companies)
Battery Beauregard
  • 1st South Carolina Artillery (1 company)
Palmetto Battery
  • 1st South Carolina Artillery (1 company)
Christ Church
  • 5th South Carolina Cavalry (2 companies)
  • Sparks' (South Carolina) Cavalry Company
Mount Pleasant
  • 20th South Carolina Infantry (3 companies)
  • Santee (South Carolina) Artillery: Cpt Christopher Gaillard

Third Sub-Division "Morris Island"

Col Robert F. Graham 9-12 July
BG William B. Taliaferro 12-18 July
BG Johnson Hagood 19-22 July

Battery Mitchell "Oyster Point"
  • 21st South Carolina Infantry (Detachment): Maj George W. McIver
  • Company I, 1st South Carolina Artillery: Cpt John C. Mitchell
  • Company E, 1st South Carolina Artillery: Cpt J. Ravenel Macbeth
  • Company H (Detachment), 1st South Carolina Artillery: Lt H. W. Frost
  • Company D, 1st South Carolina Artillery (serving as infantry): Cpt Charles T. Haskell
Battery Wagner[4]
  • 1st South Carolina Infantry (Cos. H and I)
  • 21st South Carolina Infantry: Col Robert F. Graham
  • 31st North Carolina Infantry
  • 51st North Carolina Infantry
  • 22nd Georgia Infantry
  • 63rd Georgia Infantry (Cos. B, K and detachment of D)
  • Charleston Battalion
  • Gist Guard (South Carolina) Heavy Artillery Company: Cpt Charles E. Chichester
  • Mathewes (South Carolina) Heavy Artillery Company: Cpt John E. Mathewes
  • Company A, 1st South Carolina Artillery
Battery Gregg[5]
  • 31st North Carolina Infantry
  • 5th South Carolina Cavalry (Detachment of Couriers)
  • Company H (Detachment), 1st South Carolina Artillery: Cpt Henry R. Lesesne
  • Company G (Detachment), Palmetto Battalion

Fourth Sub-Division "Inner Harbor"

Col Alfred Rhett

Fort Sumter
  • 1st South Carolina Artillery (5 companies)
Castle Pinckney and Fort Ripley


Cpt William H. Peroneau

  • Company K, 1st South Carolina Artillery
Charleston
  • 5th South Carolina Cavalry (Detachment)
  • Charleston Battalion: Ltc Peter C. Gaillard
  • South Carolina Siege Train: Maj Edward Manigault

Siege Operations (July 19-September 8, 1863)[edit]

Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida[edit]

Gen Pierre G. T. Beauregard[6]

First District[edit]

BG Roswell S. Ripley

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Sub-Division

BG William B. Taliaferro

Infantry
  • Olmstead's Command: Col Charles H. Olmstead
    • 1st Georgia Infantry (4 companies)
    • 12th Georgia Artillery Battalion (4 companies): Ltc Henry D. Capers
  • 6th Georgia Infantry: Col John T. Lofton
  • 19th Georgia Infantry: Col A.J. Hutchins
  • 23rd Georgia Infantry Maj. M.R. Ballenger
  • 27th Georgia Infantry: Maj. James Gardner
  • 28th Georgia Infantry: Col Tully Graybill
  • 32nd Georgia Infantry: Col George B. Harrison II
  • 54th Georgia Infantry: Col Charleton H. Way
  • 8th North Carolina Infantry: Col Henry M. Shaw
  • 31st North Carolina Infantry: Col John V. Jordon
Cavalry
Artillery
  • 1st South Carolina Artillery (5 companies): Maj Ormsby Blanding
  • 2nd South Carolina Artillery (9 companies): Col Andrew D. Frederick
  • 3rd (Palmetto) South Carolina Artillery Battalion (5 companies): Ltc Edward B. White
  • 18th South Carolina Artillery Battalion "South Carolina Siege Train": Maj Edward Manigault
  • 12th Georgia Artillery Battalion, Company C: Cpt W.W. Billopp
  • 15th (Lucas') South Carolina Heavy Artillery Battalion: Maj Jonathan J. Lucas
  • Chatham (Georgia) Artillery Company: Cpt John F. Wheaton
  • Marion (South Carolina) Artillery Company: Cpt E.L. Parker
  • Mathewes (South Carolina) Heavy Artillery Company: Cpt John R. Mathewes
Anderson's Brigade


BG George T. Anderson
(arrived Sept 9)

  • 7th Georgia Infantry: Col William W. White
  • 8th Georgia Infantry: Col John R. Towers
  • 9th Georgia Infantry: Col Benjamin Beck
  • 11th Georgia Infantry: Col Francis H. Little
  • 59th Georgia Infantry: Col Jack Brown
Hagood's Brigade


BG Johnson Hagood

  • 11th South Carolina Infantry: Col Frederick H. Gantt
  • 21st South Carolina Infantry: Col Robert F. Graham
  • 25th South Carolina Infantry: Col Charles H. Simonton

Second Sub-Division
BG Alfred H. Colquitt until Aug
BG Thomas L. Clingman

Infantry
  • 51st North Carolina Infantry: Col Hector McKethan
  • 61st North Carolina Infantry: Col James D. Radcliffe
  • 20th South Carolina Infantry: Col Lawrence M. Keitt
  • 7th South Carolina Battalion: Ltc Patrick H. Nelson
  • 18th Georgia Infantry Battalion (3 companies): Maj William S. Basinger
Cavalry
  • Company E, 5th South Carolina Cavalry: Col Louis A. Whilden
  • Peterkin's (South Carolina) Cavalry Company: Cpt J.A. Peterkin
  • Sparks' (South Carolina) Cavalry Company: Cpt A.D. Sparks
Artillery
  • 1st South Carolina Artillery: Col William Butler
  • Company K, 1st South Carolina Artillery: Cpt Alfred S. Gaillard
  • German (South Carolina) Artillery: Cpt Frederick W. Wagener
  • Macbeth (South Carolina) Artillery Company: Cpt B.A. Jeter
Evans' Brigade


BG Nathan G. Evans

  • 17th South Carolina Infantry: Col Fritz W. McMaster
  • 18th South Carolina Infantry: Col William H. Wallace
  • 22nd South Carolina Infantry: Ltc James O'Connell
  • 23rd South Carolina Infantry: Col Henry L. Benbow
  • 26th South Carolina Infantry: Col Alexander D. Smith
  • Holcombe Legion: Ltc William J. Crawley

Harbor Forts

Fort Sumter


Maj Stephen Elliott, Jr.

  • Charleston Battalion: Maj Julius A. Blake
Castle Pinckney and Fort Ripley
  • 1st S.C.A., Company G: Cpt William H. Peronneau

Charleston

BG Wilmot G. DeSaussure

Infantry
  • 1st South Carolina Militia: Col Edward Magrath
  • 18th South Carolina Militia: Col John E. Carew
  • 5th South Carolina State Troops: Col James H. Williams
  • Cadet Battalion: Maj John B. White
Cavalry
Artillery
  • 1st S.C.A. (Cos. D and H)
  • 1st South Carolina Militia Artillery: Col John A. Wagener
  • Company A, Palmetto Battalion (Furman Artillery): Cpt William E. Eale
  • Gist Guard (South Carolina) Artillery Company: Cpt Charles E. Chichester
Sailors
  • Boat details (3 companies): Cpt Thomas J. China

Reserve

St. Andrew's Parrish


BG Henry A. Wise
(arrived Sept 19)

Morris Island Commanders (July 9-September 7)[edit]

The commanders of Morris Island, scene of the majority of fighting, proved to be ever fluctuating. The following is a list and dates of the officers who commanded Morris Island during the campaign.

Commander Dates
Col Robert F. Graham

9-12 July

BG William B. Taliaferro

13-18 July

BG Johnson Hagood

19-22 July

BG William B. Taliaferro

23-25 July

BG Alfred H. Colquitt

26-27 July

BG Thomas L. Clingman

28 July-1 August

Col Lawrence M. Keitt

2-5 Aug

BG Johnson Hagood

6-10 Aug

Col George P. Harrison

11-15 Aug

Col Lawrence M. Keitt

16-21 Aug

BG Johnson Hagood

22-27 Aug

BG Alfred H. Colquitt

28 Aug-3 September

Col Lawrence M. Keitt

3-7 Sept

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  2. ^ 3rd Battalion, South Carolina Light Artillery
  3. ^ 15th Battalion, South Carolina Heavy Artillery
  4. ^ Wise p. 233
  5. ^ Wise p. 233
  6. ^ Order of battle as it appeared in September (Wise p.243)

References[edit]

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands. Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Wise, Stephen R., Gate of Hell: Campaign for Charleston Harbor, 1863. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1994.