Battle of Northampton (1264)
|Battle of Northampton|
|Part of Second Barons' War|
|Pro-monarchy forces||Anti-monarchy forces|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Philip Marmion, 5th Baron Marmion of Tamworth||Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester|
The Battle of Northampton was a battle in the Second Barons' War.
In April 1264 an encounter took place, as part of the Baron's War wherein Henry III of England besieged Simon de Montfort's supporters who were holed in at Northampton Castle. De Montfort mounted a rear-guard rescue attempt but on April 6, 1264 the castle fell and De Montfort's son (another Simon) was captured by the King's forces.
The participation of scholars in the recently established University of Northampton in the defence of the town led to the abolition of the university.
- R. F. Treharne. The battle of Northampton, 5 April 1264. In: Simon De Montfort and Baronial Reform: Thirteenth-Century Essays. R. F. Treharne, E. B. Fryde (editors). Hambledon Press, London, 1986. ISBN 0-907628-70-2; pp. 299-303
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