St. Nicholas' parish church
|Baydon shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||664 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Baydon is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England about 10 miles (16 km) south-east of Swindon. The eastern boundary of the parish forms part of the county boundary with Berkshire and the village is about 7 miles (11 km) north-west of the West Berkshire market town of Hungerford.
Baydon is close to the Ridgeway, a pre-Roman road. The settlement is on the course of Ermin Way, a Roman Road between Corinium Dobunnorum (Cirencester) and Calleva Atrebatum (Silchester). The earliest reference to Baydon as a place name is in 1196.
The M4 motorway which passes just north of the village was opened on 22 December 1971.
The Church of England parish church of Saint Nicholas has a Norman nave and two-bay north arcade. The south aisle and northern clerestory are Early English Gothic. The north aisle was rebuilt in 1857-58 by the Gothic Revival architect G.E. Street. The south clerestory is Perpendicular Gothic. The west window, dated 1928, is by Edward Woore and is a memorial to the Rev. Augustus Gibson. The church is Grade II* listed.
A Particular Baptist chapel named Providence Chapel was built in 1806; it closed between 1885 and 1922, then was demolished. A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in 1823; by 1939 it was a private house.
The village has a pub, the Red Lion, and a shop with a Post Office.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 12 pp52-61 - Parishes: Baydon". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Brewster, 1855, page 397
- "Church of St. Nicholas, Baydon". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Pevsner & Cherry, 1975, page 105
- "Stained Glass Windows at St. Nicholas, Baydon, Wiltshire". Robert Eberhard. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Historic England. "Church of St Nicholas, Baydon (1034135)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Providence Particular Baptist Chapel, Baydon". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Baydon". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Baydon St.Nicholas Church of England School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Baydon Primary School". Retrieved 14 September 2015.
Sources and further reading
- Brewster, David (1855). Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton. 2. Edinburgh: Thomas Constable & Co. p. 397.
- Crowley, D.A. (ed.); Baggs, A.P.; Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H. (1983). A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 12: Ramsbury and Selkey hundreds; the Borough of Marlborough. Victoria County History. pp. 52–61.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . Wiltshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 105. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baydon.|
- Wiltshire County Council Website page on Baydon, retrieved 15:30 Oct 6, 2004 (UTC)