Belem curassow

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Belem curassow
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - ZMA.AVES.56746 - Crax fasciolata pinima Pelzeln, 1870 - Cracidae - skin specimen.jpeg
Preserved specimen of female at Naturalis Biodiversity Center
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Cracidae
Genus: Crax
C. f. pinima
Trinomial name
Crax fasciolata pinima

The Belem curassow (Crax fasciolata pinima) is a highly endangered subspecies of curassow endemic to Brazil. It is known as the Mytunxî in the Tupi language, the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List and BirdLife International have described it as a separate species since 2014, though some authorities including the IOC[clarification needed] still consider it a subspecies. This bird is critically endangered as its highly limited range is located within the most deforested part of Amazonia.[2] As with its relative, the Alagoas curassow, it was considered extinct in the wild (albeit with only five individuals in captivity) for many years due to most of its vital habitat being destroyed. However, the species was still listed as "critically endangered" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as suitable though very scant habitat remained.[3] After over 40 years of no confirmed wild records, a research team with the assistance of Pirahã guides managed to rediscover several in the Gurupi Biological Reserve in December 2017.[4] A recording of the birds' alarm calls was also taken and posted online.[5]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2014). "Crax fasciolata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Belem Curassow (Crax pinima) - BirdLife species factsheet". Retrieved 2018-01-13.
  3. ^ "Crax pinima (Belem Curassow)". Retrieved 2018-01-13.
  4. ^ "Após 40 anos, o mutum-pinima enfim é encontrado | ((o))eco". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-01-13.
  5. ^ XC395276 Bare-faced Curassow (Crax fasciolata), retrieved 2018-01-13