Benjamin Moore (bishop)
|The Right Reverend
|Acting President of Columbia University|
|Preceded by||Myles Cooper (president)|
|Succeeded by||George Clinton (acting)|
|5th President of Columbia University|
|Preceded by||Charles Henry Wharton|
|Succeeded by||William Harris|
October 5, 1748|
Newtown, New York
|Died||February 27, 1816
Greenwich Village, New York
Early life and family
Moore was born in Newtown, New York, in 1748, the son of Samuel Moore and Sarah (Fish) Moore. He was the great-grandson of John Moore, the first Independent minister allowed in New England. He attended King's College (now Columbia University), graduating in 1768 with a degree of A.B.. Moore returned to King's College for a master's degree in 1771. He traveled to England and was ordained deacon in the Anglican Church by Bishop Richard Terrick in Fulham Palace on June 24, 1774. He was advanced to the priesthood the next day.
On returning to America in 1775, Moore was made assistant rector at Trinity Church in New York City, located in lower Manhattan, the developed area of the city at the time. In 1779, he married Charity Clarke, daughter of English officer Major Thomas Clarke, who had stayed in the colony after his service in the French and Indian War, by which the English defeated the French. Clarke had a large country estate known as Chelsea, named after the Royal Hospital Chelsea, a retirement home for soldiers in London, England. The estate was located in what is now Chelsea, Manhattan. The Moores had one child together, Clement Clarke Moore.
While at Trinity Church, Moore was awarded a degree of doctor of sacred theology from Columbia College in 1789, after the American Revolutionary War. By that time, some Loyalists associated with the college had left for Canada.
Moore kept officially neutral on the political questions surrounding the Revolution. He continued in his duties as assistant rector under Samuel Provoost until 1800. As Provoost had resigned, Moore was elected rector. The Episcopal Church of the United States of America (ECUSA) became independent of the Anglican Church after the war, establishing its own organization of dioceses.
Bishop of New York
Moore was elected coadjutor bishop of New York in 1801 to assist Provoost, who wished to retire. The diocese of New York covered the entire state and the population was rapidly increasing upstate, with many migrants from New England. This area had been opened up for settlement and development as agricultural lands after the war due to the cession by the Iroquois League, allies of the British, of nearly five million acres of land.
Moore was the 9th bishop in the ECUSA, and was consecrated in St. Michael's Church, Trenton, New Jersey by Bishops William White, Thomas John Claggett, and Abraham Jarvis. That same year, Moore was elected President of Columbia College, a position he held for ten years.
In 1811, Moore had a stroke and asked for the election of an additional coadjutor bishop to assist him, and John Henry Hobart was elected bishop that year. In 1815, Bishop Provoost died, and Moore succeeded to become the second bishop of New York. He died the following year in Greenwich Village, New York and was buried at Trinity Church.
Last communion for Hamilton
On 11 July 1804, Moore was summoned to the deathbed of Alexander Hamilton, who had been fatally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr; Hamilton asked to receive holy communion. Moore made two objections: that to participate in a duel was a mortal sin, and that Hamilton, although undoubtedly a sincere Christian in his later years, was not an Episcopalian. Moore withdrew, but was persuaded by the urgent pleas of Hamilton's friends to return. On receiving Hamilton's solemn assurance that he repented for his part in the duel, Moore gave him communion.
- Batterson, Hermon Griswold (1878). A Sketch-book of the American Episcopate. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippencott & Co. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- Brown, John Howard, ed. (1903). Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States 5. Boston: Federal Book Company of Boston. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- Perry, William Stevens (1895). The Episcopate in America. New York: The Christian Literature Company. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- Documents by and about Moore
- Columbia University President's Report 2000
- Benjamin Moore records at Trinity Wall Street Archives
|President of King's College
Charles Henry Wharton
|President of Columbia College
|Episcopal Church (USA) titles|
|2nd Bishop of New York
John Henry Hobart