Bentonville Confederate order of battle

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The following Confederate States Army units[1] and commanders fought in the Battle of Bentonville of the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is shown separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

  • w = wounded
  • mw = mortally wounded
  • k = killed

Army of the South[edit]

Gen Joseph E. Johnston, commanding

Army of Tennessee[edit]

LTG Alexander P. Stewart

Lee's Corps[edit]

MG D. H. Hill

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Stevenson's Division
     MG Carter L. Stevenson

Palmer's Brigade


   BG Joseph B. Palmer

  • Tennessee Contingent
    • 3rd-18th Tennessee
    • 23rd-26th-45th Tennessee: Col Anderson Searcy
    • 32nd Tennessee: Ltc John P. McGuire
  • 58th North Carolina: Cpt George W.F. Harper
  • 60th North Carolina
  • 54th Virginia Infantry
  • 63rd Virginia Infantry
Pettus's Brigade


   BG Edmund W. Pettus (w)

  • 20th Alabama
  • 23rd Alabama
  • 30th Alabama
  • 31st Alabama
  • 46th Alabama
Cumming's Brigade


(Arrived on the battlefield March 20)
   Col Robert J. Henderson

  • 34th Georgia
  • 36th Georgia
  • 39th Georgia
  • 56th Georgia

Clayton's Division
     MG Henry D. Clayton

Stovall's Brigade


   Col Henry C. Kellogg

  • 40th Georgia
  • 41st Georgia
  • 42nd Georgia: Maj L.P. Thomas
  • 43rd Georgia
  • 52nd Georgia
Jackson's Brigade


   Ltc Osceola Kyle

Baker's Brigade


   BG Alpheus Baker

  • 22nd Alabama
  • 37th-40th-42nd Alabama
  • 54th Alabama

Hill's Division
     Col John G. Coltart

Deas's Brigade


   Col Harry T. Toulmin

  • 19th Alabama
  • 22nd Alabama
  • 25th Alabama
  • 39th Alabama
  • 50th Alabama
Manigault's Brigade


   Ltc John C. Carter

Stewart's Corps[edit]

MG William W. Loring (became ill March 20)[2]
MG Edward C. Walthall

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Loring's Division
   Col James Jackson

Lowry's Brigade


     Ltc Robert J. Lawrence

  • 6th Mississippi
  • 14th Mississippi
  • 15th Mississippi
  • 20th Mississippi
  • 23rd Mississippi
  • 43rd Mississippi
Scott's Brigade


   Cpt John A. Dixon

  • 27th-35th-49th Alabama
  • 55th Alabama
  • 57th Alabama
  • 12th Louisiana
Featherston's Brigade


   Maj Martin A. Oatis

  • 1st Mississippi
  • 3rd Mississippi
  • 22nd Mississippi
  • 31st Mississippi
  • 33rd Mississippi
  • 40th Mississippi
  • 1st Mississippi Battalion

Walthall's Division
     MG Edward C. Walthall

Reynolds's Brigade


   BG Daniel H. Reynolds (w)
   Col Henry C. Bunn (w)
   Ltc Morton G. Galloway

  • 1st-2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted): Ltc Morton G. Galloway
  • 4th Arkansas: Col Henry C. Bunn
  • 9th Arkansas
  • 25th Arkansas
Quarles's Brigade


   BG George Doherty Johnston

  • 1st Alabama
  • 25th Alabama
  • 42nd-46th-49th-53rd-55th Tennessee
  • 48th Tennessee

Cheatham's Corps[edit]

MG William B. Bate

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Cleburne's Division
     BG James Argyle Smith

Govan's Brigade


   Col Peter V. Green

  • 1st-2nd-5th-13th-15th-24th Arkansas
  • 6th-7th Arkansas
  • 8th-19th Arkansas
Smith's Brigade


   Cpt J. R. Bonner

  • 1st Georgia (Volunteers)
  • 54th Georgia
  • 57th Georgia
  • 63rd Georgia
Granbury's Brigade


(Arrived on the battlefield March 20)
   Maj William A. Ryan

  • 5th Confederate
  • 35th Tennessee
  • 6th-15th Texas
  • 7th Texas
  • 10th Texas
  • 17th-18th Texas Cavalry (Dismounted)
  • 24th-25th Texas Cavalry (Dismounted)
  • Nutt’s Louisiana Cavalry Company (Dismounted)
Lowrey's Brigade


(Arrived on the battlefield March 21)
   Ltc John F. Smith

  • 5th Regiment-3rd Battalion Mississippi
  • 8th-32nd Mississippi
  • 16th-33rd-45th Alabama

Bate's Division
     Col D. L. Kenan (w)

Tyler's Brigade


   Maj W. H. Wilkinson (k)

  • 37th Georgia
  • 4th Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters
  • 2nd-10th-20th Tennessee
Finley's Brigade


   Ltc Eli Washburn

  • 1st-3rd Florida
  • 4th Florida Infantry-1st Florida Cavalry (dismounted)
  • 6th-7th Florida

Brown's Division
(Arrived on the battlefield March 21)
     BG Roswell S. Ripley

Gist's Brigade


   Col Hume R. Field

  • 6th Georgia-8th Georgia Battalion
  • 46th Georgia
  • 65th Georgia
  • 2nd Georgia Sharpshooters Battalion
  • 16th South Carolina
  • 24th South Carolina
Maney's Brigade


   Ltc Christopher C. McKinney

  • 4th Confederate-6th-9th-50th Tennessee
  • 1st-27th Tennessee
  • 8th-16th-28th Tennessee
Strahl's Brigade


   Col James D. Tillman

  • 4th-5th-31st-33rd-38th Tennessee
  • 19th-24th-41st Tennessee
Vaughan's Brigade


   Col William P. Bishop

  • 11th-29th Tennessee
  • 12th-47th Tennessee
  • 13th-51st-52nd-54th Tennessee

Department of North Carolina[edit]

Gen Braxton Bragg

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Hoke's Division
(From the Army of Northern Virginia)
     MG Robert F. Hoke

Clingman's Brigade


   Col William S. Devane (w)

  • 8th North Carolina
  • 31st North Carolina
  • 51st North Carolina
  • 61st North Carolina: Ltc Edward Beatty Mallett (k)
Kirkland's Brigade


   BG William W. Kirkland

  • 17th North Carolina
  • 42nd North Carolina
  • 66th North Carolina
Hagood's Brigade


   BG Johnson Hagood

  • 3rd Regiment, North Carolina Artillery (6 companies)
  • Contingent of Lt. Col. James H. Rion:
    • 11th South Carolina
    • 21st South Carolina
    • 25th South Carolina
    • 27th South Carolina
    • 7th South Carolina Battalion
  • Contingent of Lt. Col. John D. Taylor (w):
    • 2nd Regiment-1st Battalion North Carolina Artillery
    • Adams's Battery (Company D, 13th Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery)
  • Contingent of Maj. William A. Holland:
    • 40th North Carolina
Colquitt's Brigade


   Col Charles T. Zachry

  • 6th Georgia
  • 19th Georgia
  • 23rd Georgia
  • 27th Georgia
  • 28th Georgia
North Carolina Junior Reserves Brigade


   Col John H. Nethercutt

  • 1st North Carolina Junior Reserves: Col Charles W. Broadfoot
  • 2nd North Carolina Junior Reserves
  • 3rd North Carolina Junior Reserves
  • 20th North Carolina Battalion, Junior Reserves
Artillery


   Ltc Joseph B. Starr

  • 1st North Carolina Artillery (1 company)
  • 13th Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery (3 companies)
    • Company B (Atkins' Battery): Cpt George Atkins
    • Company E: (Dickson's Battery)
  • 3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery (3 companies)
    • Company A: Cpt Andrew J. Ellis
    • Company B: Cpt William Badham, Jr.
    • Company C: Lt Alfred Darden
  • Chesterfield (South Carolina) Artillery

Department of South Carolina, Georgia, & Florida[edit]

LTG William J. Hardee

  • Chief of Staff: Ltc T. Benton Roy
  • Engineer: Ltc William D. Pickett
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Taliaferro's Division
     BG William B. Taliaferro

Elliott's Brigade


   BG Stephen Elliott, Jr. (w)

  • 22nd Georgia Heavy Artillery Battalion
  • 28th Georgia Artillery Battalion
  • 2nd South Carolina Heavy Artillery
  • 19th South Carolina Militia
Rhett's Brigade


   Col William Butler

  • 1st South Carolina Regulars
  • 1st South Carolina Heavy Artillery
  • 15th South Carolina Battalion

McLaws's Division
   MG Lafayette McLaws

Conner's Brigade


   BG John D. Kennedy

Fiser's Brigade


   Col John C. Fiser

Harrison's Brigade


   Col George P. Harrison

  • 5th Georgia
  • 32nd Georgia
  • 47th Georgia
Hardy's Brigade


   Col Washington Hardy

  • 50th North Carolina: Col George W. Wortham
  • 77th North Carolina (7th Senior Reserves)
  • 10th North Carolina Battalion, Heavy Artillery
Blanchard's Brigade


   BG Albert G. Blanchard

  • 1st South Carolina Reserve Battalion
  • 2nd South Carolina Reserve Battalion
  • 6th South Carolina Reserve Battalion
  • 7th South Carolina Reserve Battalion
  • Kay's Company, South Carolina Reserve
Battalion Artillery


   Maj A. Burnet Rhett

  • LeGardeur's Battery
  • H. M. Stuart's Battery (Beaufort Light Artillery)

Cavalry Command[edit]

LTG Wade Hampton III

Division Brigades Regiments and batteries

Butler's Division
(From the Army of Northern Virginia)
     MG M. C. Butler (w)
     BG Evander M. Law

Young's Brigade


   Col Gilbert J. Wright

Butler's Brigade


   BG Evander M. Law
   BG Thomas M. Logan

Horse Artillery
  • Earle's South Carolina Battery: Cpt William E. Earle
  • Hart's (Halsey's) South Carolina Battery: Cpt Edwin L. Halsey

Wheeler's Cavalry Corps[edit]

MG Joseph Wheeler
(Army of Tennessee)

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Humes' Division
     Col Henry M. Ashby

T. Harrison's Brigade


   Col Baxter Smith

  • 3rd Arkansas
  • 4th Tennessee
  • 8th Texas: Ltc Gustave Cook (w), Maj William R. Jarmon (w), Cpt John F. Matthews
  • 11th Texas
Ashby's Brigade


   Ltc James H. Lewis

  • 1st Tennessee
  • 2nd Tennessee
  • 5th Tennessee
  • 9th Tennessee

Allen's Division
     BG William W. Allen

Hagan's Brigade


   Col David G. White

Anderson's Brigade


   BG Robert H. Anderson

  • 3rd Confederate
  • 8th Confederate
  • 10th Confederate
  • 5th Georgia

Dibrell's Division
     BG George G. Dibrell

Dibrell's Brigade


   Col William S. McLemore

  • 4th Tennessee (Murrey's)
  • 13th Tennessee
  • Shaw's Tennessee Battalion (includes Allison’s Tennessee Squadron)
Breckinridge's Brigade


   Col W. C. P. Breckinridge

References[edit]

  1. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  2. ^ Hughes, p. 172.

Sources[edit]

  • Bentonville State Historic Site website
  • Bradley, Mark L. Last Stand in the Carolinas: The Battle of Bentonville. Campbell, California: Savas Publishing Company, 1996. ISBN 1-882810-02-3.
  • Hughes, Jr., Nathaniel Cheairs Bentonville: The Final Battle of Sherman and Johnston. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.