Bernd Rainer Noack (born 17 February 1966, Korbach, Germany) is a German physicist. His research and teaching area is closed-loop flow control for transport systems. Focus is placed on machine learning control and model-based nonlinear control using reduced-order modelling and nonlinear (attractor) closures. Currently investigated configurations include wakes, mixing layers, jets, combustor mixing and aerodynamic flows around cars and airplanes. Another main area is thermodynamic formalisms for turbulence modeling.
He received his degree as diplom physicist from the Georg-August-University, Göttingen, in 1989. He stayed on to receive his physics doctorate in 1992 under Helmut Eckelmann. In the sequel, he had positions at the Max-Planck-Institut für Strömungsforschung, Göttingen, the German Aerospace Center, Göttingen, the Göttingen University, and the United Technologies Research Center (East Hartford, CT, USA) before he joined the Berlin Institute of Technology. There, Professor Noack has headed the group "Reduced-Order Modelling for Flow Control" at the School V "Transport and Machine Systems". Currently, he is Director of Research CNRS at Laboratoire d'Informatique pour la Mécanique et les Sciences de l'Ingénieur (LIMSI), Paris-Saclay, France and Professor at the Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany, Honorary Professor at the Berlin University of Technology and Visiting Professor at the Harbin Institute of Technology, China.
Focus of Noack's work are physical theories and mathematical methods for turbulence control. One direction is the development of control-oriented nonlinear models and associated control design building on the Galerkin method, originally proposed by Boris Galerkin. He proposed the first mathematical Galerkin model for the two- and three-dimensional cylinder wake from Hilbert space considerations. Subsequent works employ the proper orthogonal decomposition and propose numerous enablers accounting for the pressure term, subscale turbulence and departures from the training set.
He has destilled three major facets of nonlinearity in dynamical least-order models:
- The role of the base flow in saturation of fluctuation level building on J. T. Stuartmean field theory and generalizing the Landau model for a supercritical Hopf bifurcation..
- The interaction of two coherent structures at different frequencies via the base flow leading to coupled Landau oscillators.
- A statistical closure for the energy cascade of broadband dynamics via a finite time non-equilibrium thermodynamics (FTT) framework.
The associated control laws can be derived from energy considerations and have been applied to streamlined and bluff bodies.
Recently, Noack works on implementing the powerful methods of machine learning in turbulence control. Major breakthroughts are learning the control law in real-world experiments with Machine learning control (MLC) and an automated learning the control-oriented dynamical gray-box model from experimental data.
Supplementary projects include data visualization, phenomenological models, vortex models and entropy-based optimization in addition to a spectrum of model-free and model-based control approaches. The breadth of this research builds on a network of cross disciplinary collaborations at his affiliations in Paris-Saclay, Berlin, Braunschweig, Shenzhen and international teams.
Text books and review article
- Bernd R. Noack, Marek Morzynski, Gilead Tadmor (Eds.) (2011) Reduced-Order Modelling for Flow Control", Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7091-0758-4.
- Thomas Duriez, Steven L. Brunton & Bernd R. Noack (2016) "Machine Learning Control - Taming Nonlinear Dynamics and Turbulence", Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-319-40624-4.
- Steven L. Brunton & Bernd R. Noack (2015) "Closed-loop turbulence control: Progress and challenges", Appl. Mech. Rev. 67 (5), article 050801, pp. 1–48.
- Bernd R. Noack, Konstantin Afansiev, Marek Morzynski, Frank Thiele & Gilead Tadmor (2003) "A hierarchy of low-dimensional models of the transient and post-transient cylinder wake", Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 497, pp. 335-363
- Dirk Martin Luchtenburg, Bert Günter, Bernd R. Noack, Rudibert King & Gilead Tadmor (2009) "A generalized mean-field model of the natural and actuated flows around a high-lift configuration", Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 623, pp. 283--316.
- Bernd R. Noack, Michael Schlegel, Boye Ahlborn, Gerd Mutschke, Marek Moryznski, Pierre Comte, & Gilead Tadmor (2008) "A finite-time thermodynamics of unsteady fluid flows", Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics, vol. 33 (2), pp. 103-148.