Bernhard von Heß

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bernhard von Heß

Bernhard Franz von[1] Hess (May 22, 1792 – April 20, 1869) was a Bavarian Lieutenant General and War Minister under Maximilian II of Bavaria.

Biography[edit]

Von Hess was born in Hammelburg as the youngest of three sons of the landholder and Hofrat Philipp von Hess and his wife Gertraud, née Wankel. He visited the Gymnasium in his hometown, and finished his studies of mathematics and sciences at the University of Würzburg,[2] before he joined the Landwehr of Fulda in 1813, and took part in the campaigns under Prince Schwarzenberg in France. From 1833 to 1843 he served in Greece under the governing prince regent Otto, and joined the Bavarian army. Von Hess was war minister from January 20 to June 16, 1862. He was acting for a second period from October 10, 1862 to March 1, 1863, and for a third time from July 26 to August 15, 1863. In 1867 he was retired, and died in Kissingen.[3]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ In German personal names, von is a preposition which approximately means of or from and usually denotes some sort of nobility. While von (always lower case) is part of the family name or territorial designation, not a first or middle name, if the noble is referred to by surname alone in English, use Schiller or Clausewitz or Goethe, not von Schiller, etc.
  2. ^ The founder of the Carl von Hess`sche Sozialstiftung[permanent dead link] (German).
  3. ^ Heß, Bernhard von, House of the Bavarian history (HdBG).
Government offices
Preceded by
Hugo Ritter von Bosch
(acting)
Ministers of War (Bavaria)
1862
Succeeded by
Moritz Ritter von Spies
Preceded by
Moritz Ritter von Spies
Ministers of War (Bavaria)
1862–1863 (acting)
Succeeded by
Karl Friedrich von Liel
(acting)
Preceded by
Hugo Ritter von Bosch
(acting)
Ministers of War (Bavaria)
1863 (acting)
Succeeded by
Eduard Ritter von Lutz