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She grew up in Arcadia, Louisiana, one of 14 children, and moved to Los Angeles in 1963. Although some sources state that she was in a vocal group known as The Fawns who recorded for Money Records in 1964, she has refuted this, saying that she sang with a trio in Arcadia by that name.
In 1964 she started a solo singing career, as Bettye Swann, at the prompting of local DJ Al Scott, who became her manager. After a minor hit with the self-penned "Don’t Wait Too Long," her big breakthrough came with "Make Me Yours", which topped the Billboard R&B charts in July 1967, and also made #21 on the Billboard Hot 100. In 1968 she split with Scott, moved to Georgia, won a new contract with Capitol Records and had another hit in 1969 with her cover of the Jeannie Seely hit "Don't Touch Me" (#14 R&B, #38 Hot 100).
In 1972 she transferred to Atlantic Records, and had a couple of minor hits with "Victim of a Foolish Heart" (later revived by Joss Stone), and Merle Haggard’s "Today I Started Loving You Again". She continued to record until the mid-1970s, but with little commercial success. Her last public performance as Bettye Swann was in 1980, the year her husband and manager, George Barton, died. As Betty Barton, she then worked in the education sector in the Las Vegas area, and became a Jehovah's Witness. She is now retired and, according to a 2005 interview, suffers from a degenerative spinal condition. After leaving Money records she lived for a short time in Athens, Georgia.
- 1967: Make Me Yours (Money)
- 1968: The Soul View Now (Capitol) - R&B #48
- 1969: Don't You Ever Get Tired of Hurting Me (Capitol)
- 1990: Sweet Dreams (Capitol)
- 2001: The Money Recordings (Kent)
- 2004: Bettye Swann (Astralwerks/Honest Jon's)
- 2014: The Complete Atlantic Recordings) (Rhino)
- 1965: "Don't Wait Too Long" - R&B #27
- 1967: "Fall In Love With Me" - US #67, R&B #36
- 1967: "Make Me Yours" - US #21, R&B #1
- 1969: "Don't Touch Me" - US #38, R&B #14
- 1972: "Victim Of A Foolish Heart" - US #63, R&B #16
- 1973: "Today I Started Loving You Again" - US #46