Bhimavaram

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Bhimavaram
భీమవరం
City
Somarama Temple of Gunupudi, Bhimavaram
Somarama Temple of Gunupudi, Bhimavaram
Nickname(s): Second Bardoli of India
Bhimavaram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Bhimavaram
Bhimavaram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°32′35″N 81°31′23″E / 16.543°N 81.523°E / 16.543; 81.523Coordinates: 16°32′35″N 81°31′23″E / 16.543°N 81.523°E / 16.543; 81.523
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District West Godavari district
Mandal Bhimavaram mandal
Founded by Chalukya Bhima I
Government
 • Body Municipality
Area[1]
 • City 25.60 km2 (9.88 sq mi)
Area rank 20 (Andhra Pradesh)
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 142,280
 • Density 5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 147,056
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534 20x
Area code(s) 08816
Vehicle registration AP 37
Website Bhimavaram Municipality

Bhimavaram is a city in West Godavari district of the Indian state Andhra Pradesh. It serves as the mandal headquarters for Bhimavaram mandal.[4] As of 2011 census, it is the second most populous city in the district, with a population of 142,280 and an urban agglomeration of 147,056.[2][3] Mahatma Gandhi coined the name of the city as "Second Bardoli of India", when he visited the place during the freedom movement in India.[5] It a major pilgrimage centre in Andhra Pradesh, as it is home to Somaramam, one of the five great Pancharama Kshetras.[6]

History[edit]

Along with much of present-day coastal Andhra Pradesh, Bhimavaram was controlled by the Chola dynasty. Under Kulothunga Chola I, Bhimavaram was ruled by his sons who served as viceroys. Various stone inscriptions have been found in the town dating from his reign (c. 1096 C.E.).[7]

Etymology[edit]

The name Bhimavaram literally means "the gift of Bhima". According to a legend, in around 890–918 AD, an Eastern Chalukya king named Chalukya Bheema built a Siva temple and laid the foundation to this town.[8] It was originally called "Bhimapuram", but the name gradually changed to "Bhimavaram"; "puram" refers to a dwelling place while "varam" means an endowment in Telugu.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the town had a population of 142,280. The total population constitutes 70,066 males and 72,214 females —a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males. 12,157 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 6,149 are boys and 6,008 are girls —a ratio of 977 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 83.41% with 1,08,535 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 73.00%.[2][9] While, the urban agglomeration population of the city was 147,056.[3]

Economy[edit]

Bhimavaram is located in the epicentre of the Godavari delta region. It is one of the principal trade centres of paddy in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Agriculture-based businesses like food processing, aqua culture, rice mills etc., are the chief sources of the town's revenue. The town serves as a distribution centre as well as commercial centre to its hinterland. The town is the regional centre for higher education and is known for its specialized health services.[7]

A patch of paddy fields near Bhimavaram

Governance[edit]

Bhimavaram Municipality was established in the year 1948.[10] Its jurisdiction has undergone several changes since then, which includes the subdivision of the number of administrative wards(divisions) to 39 by the Andhra Pradesh State's Governmental order.[11]

Few major changes from 1948 onwards:[12]

  • 1948 April - Constituted as Grade III Municipality
  • 1949 August - First elected council
  • 1963 August - Upgraded as Grade II Municipality
  • 1967 October - Upgraded as Grade I Municipality
  • 1980 April - Upgraded as Special Grade Municipality
  • 2011 September - Upgraded as Selection Grade Municipality (current)[12]

Bhimavaram is a legislative assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. There were 1,94,488[13] registered voters in the Bhimavaram constituency by the 2009 elections. The constituency has been the centre of politics in the West Godavari district since its genesis in 1952.

Transport[edit]

Roadways and railways

Bhimavaram is an important commercial centre in the West Godavari district. Buses to the town are operated by Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation and other private operators. The town is well connected with different places in the country by road and rail. Bhimavaram town railway station is classified as a B–category station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[14][15] Buses, rickshaws, auto-rickshaws, and taxis are the primary means of transport. The closest airports to the town are Rajahmundry Airport and Vijayawada Airport.

National Highways NH 165 (Digamarru–Pamarru) (Old number: NH 214) passes through Bhimavaram. NH 16 (Old number: NH 5) is located around 40–50 kilometers from the town. The construction of a new bridge in Losari village of Bhimavaram Mandal made reaching the town hassle-free for the people of smaller villages (like Lakshmipuram and Matlam of Krishna district's Kruthivennu Mandal).

Culture[edit]

Somaraamam (Someswara Temple):

Bhimavaram is famous for the Gunupudi Someswara (Somarama) temple, which is one of the five holy Pancharamas. Built during the 3rd century A.D., the Shiva lingam is known for changing its color according to the lunar month; black during amavasya and white during pournami.

Sri Mavullamma Ammavaari Temple:

It is believed that Sri Mavullamma Ammavaru (Universal Mother Goddess) is the incarnation of Mahakali (the goddess of Shakti). It is believed that neighbouring villagers treat her as their own mother goddess, so she is addressed as 'Mavullamma' (Mother goddess of my own village). Sri Mavullamma came to limelight in the year 1880 AD. It is known that she was laid in Motupallivari street, under a pipal and neem tree-couple. Every year in the month of "Jyesta masa" (third month of auspicious Telugu almanac calendar) on "Paadyami" (new slender crescent moon day), devotees celebrate a month-long celebration. There is a festive look every where in and around the town. The Devasthanam Committee (Temple committee) and the local fruit and vegetable trader's committee felicitate artists, actors, actresses, musicians, and great men of all walks of the life.[16]

There are many notable people from cinema industry such as Padma Bhushan Dr. B. V. Raju, Byrraju Ramalinga Raju, M. S. Narayana, Trivikram Srinivas, Sivaji Raja, Penmatsa Subbaraju, Sunil (actor), Krishnam Raju Upalapati, Prabhas, Ravi teja etc. Other notable personalities include Yellapragada Subbarow in Science field, Swami Jnanananda in mystics, Sri Dantuluri Narayana Raju (an academician)[17] and Alluri Sitarama Raju (a freedom fighter).

Education[edit]

There are numerous educational institutions in and around Bhimavaram.[18] Some of the renowned institutions are S.R.K.R Engineering College,[19] D.N.R Educational Institutions,[20] K.G.R.L Group of Educational Institutions,[21] Sri Vishnu Educational Society,[22] Bhimavaram Institute of Engineering & Technology,[23] Grandhi Varalakshmi Venkatarao Institute of Technology (GVIT).[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Administration". Bhimavaram Municipality. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "West Godavari District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 457. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Rao, P. Rajeswar (1991). The Great Indian patriots (2nd rev. ed. ed.). New Delhi: Mittal Publications. p. 94. ISBN 81-7099-288-5. 
  6. ^ "Toursim". Bhimavaram Municipality. Retrieved 1 May 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "About Bhimavaram Municipality.". Bhimavaram Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Welcome to Bhimavaram Info". bhimavaraminfo.com. 
  9. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). AP govt. portal. p. 43. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "Welcome to Bhimavaram Info". bhimavaraminfo.com. 
  11. ^ "Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department – Municipal Councils – Bhimavaram Municipality, West Godavari District". Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  12. ^ a b http://www.bhimavaraminfo.com/municipality.html Major Changes
  13. ^ Constituency Election Results
  14. ^ "Vijayawada Division – a profile" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  15. ^ "BVRM/Bhimavaram Junction Railway Station". India Rail Info. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  16. ^ ":: Sri Sri Sri Mavullamma Ammavari Swarna Vastranidi Sekarana Sangam ::". bhimavarammavullamma.org. 
  17. ^ "Bhimavaram Info - The People of Bhimavaram". bhimavaraminfo.com. 
  18. ^ "Bhimavaram Schools, Colleges, Engineering Colleges, Degree Colleges List - BhimavaramTV.com". bhimavaramtv.com. 
  19. ^ "SRKR Engineering College". srkrec.ac.in. 
  20. ^ http://www.dnrcollege.org/
  21. ^ http://www.kgrlcollege.in/
  22. ^ http://www.srivishnu.edu.in/
  23. ^ "Home". bietbvrm.ac.in. 
  24. ^ "Welcome to GVIT". gvit.org. 

External links[edit]