Biały Grunt

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Biały Grunt
Village
Biały Grunt is located in Poland
Biały Grunt
Biały Grunt
Coordinates: 53°30′N 21°12′E / 53.500°N 21.200°E / 53.500; 21.200
Country Poland Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Szczytno
Gmina Świętajno
Population 15

Biały Grunt [ˈbjawɨ ˈɡrunt] (German: Bialygrund, 1934-45: Weißengrund)[1] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Świętajno, within Szczytno County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.[2] It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Świętajno, 16 km (10 mi) south-east of Szczytno, and 56 km (35 mi) south-east of the regional capital Olsztyn.

Before 1945 the area was part of Germany (East Prussia). In the East Prussian plebiscite of 1920, which was largely boycotted by ethnic Poles, the inhabitants voted to remain in Germany.[3] After World War II the region was placed under Polish administration by the Potsdam Agreement under territorial changes demanded by the Soviet Union. Most Germans fled or were expelled and replaced with Poles expelled from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union or Ukrainians forced to settle in the area through Operation Vistula in 1947.

The village has a population of 15.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Territory of Germany" (in German). 2017-11-13. 
  2. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  3. ^ Max Meyhöfer: Die Landgemeinden des Kreises Ortelsburg, Holzner Verlag 1967,p. 306


Coordinates: 53°30′N 21°12′E / 53.500°N 21.200°E / 53.500; 21.200