According to the International Crime Victim Survey (2000), 56% of bicycle thefts across 17 countries were reported to the police.:4 According to an estimate from the NCVS there was an estimated 1.3 million incidents of theft of or theft from bicycles.
The majority of offenders are male under the age of 20,:6 and according to a bicycle theft study in Ellensburg, Washington, approximately 80% of stolen bicycles are stolen for enjoyment or transportation services.:6
Types of offenders
Although many bicycle thefts occur by offenders looking for financial gain, other offenders can be categorized into the following categories regarding their motivation.
- Joyriders: Joyriders steal bikes for the sole purpose of riding the stolen bike for entertainment and will generally abandon the bike after using it. Most of these offenders are male and under the age of 16.
- Acquisitive: These thieves steal bicycles for financial gain and usually trade them for cash or goods.
Those looking to steal bikes can use a variety of different methods in order to do so.
- Lifting: If the bike is locked to an insecure structure such as a small sign or tree, the thief is able to lift the bike along with its lock off of the structure.
- Cutting: A thief may use a bolt cutter, hacksaw, or angle grinder to cut through the bicycle lock.
- Picking: A thief may pick a lock that has a keyhole.
A sucker pole is a pole that appears to be safe to lock a bike to, but can easily be dismantled by bicycle thieves. It may be a sign, fence, or bike rack that ends in the ground or pavement; such poles are never secured to the base, making vehicles attached to them easy targets. In Chicago, 252 bicycles were stolen in this manner in 2012. Another source says thieves can easily take the parked bike in as little as "10 seconds", in plain view and broad daylight.
Bicycle theft is a common crime committed in areas with high population as well as on college campuses. According to the Police Department at the University of Colorado Boulder, it was found that most of the bicycle thefts that occurred were due to bikes being unlocked, improperly locked, or locked with devices such as a lightweight cable or low-quality U-lock devices.
One can prevent bicycle theft by avoiding using bicycles with quick release wheels, as these are easy for anyone to take off without the use of any tools. Furthermore, one should use a strong U-lock to secure their bike. One should only lock their bike to sturdy structures and should not leave the bike in one place for too long.
The way in which the bike is locked to the structure is also important. It is important that a wheel and the frame of the bike is locked to a structure so that a thief cannot steal a wheel and leave the bike, or vice versa. A former London bike thief recommended small and stiff d-locks, as they are hardest to cut.
- van Kesteren, J.N.; Mayhew, P.; Nieuwbeerta, P. (2000). "Criminal Victimisation in Seventeen Industrialised Countries: Key-findings from the 2000 International Crime Victims Survey". The Hague (Netherlands): Ministry of Justice, WODC.
- Thorpe, Adam; Sidebottom, Aiden; Johnson, Shane D. (June 2008). "Bicycle Theft" (PDF). Problem-Oriented Guides for Police Problem-Specific Guides Series. No. 52. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. ISBN 1-932582-87-8. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "Cycle theft survey - more bike stands and better bike locks". Stolen Ride - London. 2016-12-04. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
- "Bike stands, bike locks needed says survey". lcc.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
- Masoner, Richard (12 November 2013). "Watch for sucker poles, and a local journalist’s stripped bike". cyclelicio.us. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- Lum, Joanie (26 November 2013). "Chicago Bike Riders Watch For 'Sucker Poles'". FOX 32 News. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- Biasco, Paul (11 November 2013). "Bike Theft Gangs Using 'Sucker Poles' to Steal Bikes Across the City". DNAinfo. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "Preventing Bike Theft". University of Colorado Boulder - Police Department. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
- Cantle, Richard (13 May 2016). "Bike thief reveals tricks of the trade in this shockingly candid interview". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
- Jaffe, Eric (16 April 2014). "These 8 Depressing Bike Theft Statistics Show Just How Bad the Problem Is". CityLab. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- van Lierop, D.; Grimsrud, M.; El-Geneidy, A. (2015). "Breaking into bicycle theft: Insights from Montreal, Canada" (PDF). International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. 9 (7): 490-501.
Media related to Bicycle theft at Wikimedia Commons