Big Brother Awards
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The Big Brother Awards (BBAs) recognize "the government and private sector organizations ... which have done the most to threaten personal privacy". They are named after the George Orwell character Big Brother from the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. They are awarded yearly to authorities, companies, organizations, and persons that have been acting particularly and consistently to threaten or violate people's privacy, or disclosed people's personal data to third parties.
The awards are intended to draw public attention to privacy issues and related alarming trends in society, especially in data privacy. The contest is organized by loose coalition of nongovernmental organization, including Iuridicum Remedium, Privacy International, and others, although some national-level BBAs are organized by specific sponsors.
The United States most recently hosted its Big Brother Awards – also known as the Orwell Awards or simply the Orwells – on 14 April 2005 in Seattle, Washington. They had previously been hosted in Berkeley, California, on 12 April 2004; New York City on 3 April 2003; San Francisco, California, on 18 April 2002; and Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 7 March 2001. The first annual US Big Brother Awards were made at the Computers, Freedom and Privacy Conference in Washington, D.C., on 7 April 1999, the 50th anniversary of the publication of Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four. The awards were made by Simon Davies, managing director of the London-based Privacy International to recognize "the government and private sector organizations which have done the most to invade personal privacy in the United States." The awards were given in five categories: Greatest Corporate Invader, Lifetime Menace, Most Invasive Program, People's Choice, and Worst Public Official.
The following countries have their own version of the Big Brother Awards:
- Czech Republic
- Japan (2003)
- New Zealand
- United Kingdom
- United States
- "Lidská práva, watchdog, advocacy (Aktuality) - Iuridicum Remedium - IuRe".
- Diederich, Tom (8 April 1999). "Intel, US Govt "honored" for breaches of privacy". Computerworld. Archived from the original on October 4, 1999. Retrieved 25 Jul 2014.
- Boodhoo, Niala (8 April 1999). "Orwell's Legacy: Big Brother Awards". PC World Today. Archived from the original on May 8, 1999. Retrieved 25 Jul 2014.
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