Binczarowa

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Binczarowa

Білцарьова, Biltsariova (in Rusyn)
Більцарева, Bil’tsareva (in Ukrainian)
village
Binczarowa is located in Poland
Binczarowa
Binczarowa
Coordinates: 49°34′N 20°28′E / 49.567°N 20.467°E / 49.567; 20.467
CountryPoland
VoivodeshipLesser Poland Voivodeship
CountyNowy Sącz
CommuneGmina Grybów
Elevation
597 m (1,961 ft)

Binczarowa [bʲint͡ʂaˈrɔva] (Rusyn: Білцарьова, Biltsariova; Ukrainian: Більцарева, Bil’tsareva) is a village in southern Poland. It is parallel to the stream known as Binczarce.[1]

History[edit]

Binczarowa was first mentioned in Polish history in 1365, in a decree of Casimir the Great, under the name Bibyczareban, which forced the city of Grybow to give up its rights to the surrounding forest.[2] In 1531, the Rusyn Ivan Trukhanovych (Polish: Iwan Truchanowicz) obtained the town and Polish nobility from Sigismund I the Old.[3][4]

Saint Dimitr Orthodox Church

After the First Partition of Poland in 1772, it was part of the Galician district of Grybów, and part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It was the birthplace of Jaroslav Kacmarcyk (1885-1944), president of the Lemko-Rusyn Republic, and of Metodyj Trochanovskij (1885-1947), who published a Lemko grammar. It was briefly independent from December 5, 1918, until March, 1920, as part of the Lemko-Rusyn Republic (Ruska Narodna Respublika Lemkiu, or Ruska Lemkivska Respublyka).

After World War II, it was depopulated by the Polish government in Operation Vistula in 1947.[5]

Geography[edit]

Binczarowa is a Lemko village in the western Lemkivshchyna. It occupies a mountain valley in the Polish commune of Grybów, county of Nowy Sącz, Lesser Poland Voivodeship. It is situated along a stream known as the Binczarce,[1] a tributary of the Poprad. It lies between the towns of Florynka to the east and Bogusza in the west.

Culture and Religion[edit]

The town is the site of St. Dymitr's Church, built in 1760. The town is the site of a large World War I cemetery.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dusza Łemka" [Lemko Soul] (in Polish). Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  2. ^ Piekosiński, Franciszek, ed. (1876). Kodeks dyplomatyczny Małopolski/ Codex Diplomaticus Poloniae Minoris [Code of Malopolska] (in Latin). 3. Cracow. OCLC 168884435.
  3. ^ "Miesięcznik heraldyczny" [Monthly Heraldic] (in Polish). 1911: 176. OCLC 32011930.
  4. ^ Stadnicki, Aleksander (1848). "1531 Bielczarowa". O wsiach tak zwanych wołoskich na północnym stoku Karpat [The so-called Wallachian villages on the northern slopes of the Carpathians] (in Latin and Polish). pp. 88–90. OCLC 234342322.
  5. ^ Best, Paul J.; Moklak, Jarosław (2002). The Lemko Region, 1939-1947 : war, occupation and deportation. Cracow, New Haven: Historia Iagellonica Press and Carpatho-Slavic Studies Group.

Coordinates: 49°34′N 20°28′E / 49.567°N 20.467°E / 49.567; 20.467