In France and in other countries like Portugal, Spain, Belgium or Switzerland, a Biological pharmacist (called Pharmacien biologiste in France) is a Pharmacist specialized in Clinical Biology a speciality similar to Clinical Pathology. They have almost the same rights as Medical Doctors specialized in this discipline. They both are called a "Clinical biologist"".
These Pharm.D. follow a "post-graduate" formation in hospital's medical laboratories.
- Reglementation for French Residency in Clinical Pathology (Biologie médicale)
- Curriculum Content of French Resident formation in Clinical Pathology, First Level and Second Level
- Medical laboratory
- Anatomic pathology
- Medical technologist
- Veterinary pathology
- Clinical Biologist