Bisabolene

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bisabolenes
Bisabolene-alpha.svg
α-Bisabolene
Bisabolene-beta.svg
β-Bisabolene
Bisabolene-gamma.svg
γ-Bisabolene
Names
IUPAC names
(α): (E)-1-Methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-2,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohex-1-ene
(β): (S)-1-Methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohex-1-ene
(γ): (Z)-1-Methyl-4-(6-methylhept-5-en-2-ylidene)cyclohex-1-ene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
α: 2414203
β: 2044625
γ: 2501191
ChEBI
ChemSpider
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C15H24
Molar mass 204.36 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Bisabolenes are a group of closely related natural chemical compounds which are classified as sesquiterpenes. Bisabolenes are produced from farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP)[1] and are present in the essential oils of a wide variety of plants including cubeb, lemon and oregano. Various derivates also function as pheromones in different insects, such as stink bugs[2] and fruit flies.[3] It has also been observed to be produced by several fungi, though it's biological role in that group of organisms remains unclear.[4]

Uses[edit]

Bisabolenes are intermediates in the biosynthesis of many other natural chemical compounds,[5] including hernandulcin, a natural sweetener. β-Bisabolene has a balsamic odor[6] and is approved in Europe as a food additive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MetaCyc bisabolene biosynthesis (engineered)". biocyc.org. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  2. ^ Aldrich, J.R.; Numata, H.; Borges, M.; Bin, F.; Waite, G.K.; Lusby, W.R. (1993). "Artifacts and pheromone blends from Nezara spp. and other stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)". Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. 48C: 73–79.
  3. ^ Lu, F.; Teal, P.E. (2001). "Sex pheromone components in oral secretions and crop of male Caribbean fruit flies, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew)". Arch Insect Biochem Physiol. 48 (3): 144–154. doi:10.1002/arch.1067.
  4. ^ Spakowicz, Daniel J.; Strobel, Scott A. (2015). "Biosynthesis of hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds by fungi: bioengineering potential". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 99 (12): 4943–4951. Retrieved 2016-02-22.
  5. ^ Bisabolene derived sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis Archived November 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ (−)-β-bisabolene, flavornet.org

External links[edit]