Black spine-neck swamp turtle

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Black spine-neck swamp turtle
Acanthochelys spixii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Pleurodira
Family: Chelidae
Subfamily: Chelinae
Genus: Acanthochelys
Species: A. spixii
Binomial name
Acanthochelys spixii
(A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1835)[2]
Synonyms[5]
  • Emys depressa
    Spix, 1824: 4
    (junior homonym)
    [3]
  • Emys aspera
    Gray, 1830: 16 (10:7)
    (nomen dubium et oblitum)
  • Platemys spixii
    A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1835: 409[2]
    (nomen novum)
  • Acanthochelys spixii
    — Gray, 1873: 305
    (recombination)
    [4]

The black spine-neck swamp turtle (Acanthochelys spixii ), also commonly known as the spiny-neck turtle or Spix's sideneck turtle, is a species of turtle in the family Chelidae. The species is endemic to Central America and northern South America.

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, spixii, is in honor of German biologist Johann Baptist von Spix.[6]

Geographic range[edit]

A. spixii is found in Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay,[7] and possibly Paraguay.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group (1996). "Acanthochelys spixii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 19 February 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Duméril AMC, Bibron G (1835). Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Tome Second [Volume 2]. Paris: Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret. ii + 680 pp. (Platemys spixii, new name, p. 409). (in French).
  3. ^ Spix JB von (1824). Animalia nova; sive, Species novae Testudinum et Ranarum, quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis 1817-20 collegit et descripsit. Munich: F.S. Hübschmann. iv + 53 pp. (Emys depressa, new species, p. 4). (in Latin).
  4. ^ Gray JE (1873). "Observations on Chelonians, with Descriptions of new Genera and Species". Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Fourth Series 11: 289-308. (Acanthochelys spixii, new combination, p. 305).
  5. ^ Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk PP, Iverson JB, Rhodin AGJ, Shaffer HB, Bour R] (2014). "Turtles of the world, 7th edition: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution with maps, and conservation status". In: Rhodin AGJ, Pritchard PCH, van Dijk PP, Saumure RA, Buhlmann KA, Iverson JB, Mittermeier RA (Editors) (2014) Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs 5 (7): 000.329–000.479, doi:10.3854/ crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014.
  6. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Acanthochelys spixii, p. 250).
  7. ^ "Acanthochelys spixii ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.