Black seabream

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Black seabream
Spondyliosoma cantharus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sparidae
Genus: Spondyliosoma
S. cantharus
Binomial name
Spondyliosoma cantharus
Map showing black seabream
Range of black seabream

The black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) is a species of Sparidae fishes. They are recognisable by their oval compressed body and jaws containing 4-6 rows of slender teeth which are larger at the front. They are silvery in colour with blue and pink tinges and broken longitudinal gold lines. They can reach a maximum size of 60 cm in length. They live in northern Europe and in the Mediterranean, usually found on the inshore shelf at depths varying from 5 to 300 m. They are usually found in schools feeding on seaweeds and invertebrates. They breed in February to May leaving eggs in the demersal zone.

Black seabream are protogynous meaning females have the ability to change to males.


  1. ^ NatureServe (2013). "Spondyliosoma cantharus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 15 December 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to Spondyliosoma cantharus at Wikimedia Commons