Blackburn Hamlet

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Blackburn Hamlet
Community
Blackburn Hamlet within the City of Ottawa
Blackburn Hamlet within the City of Ottawa
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
City Flag of Ottawa, Ontario.svg Ottawa
Government
 • City Councillor Jody Mitic
 • MP Andrew Leslie
 • MPP Marie-France Lalonde
Area
 • Total 2.41 km2 (0.93 sq mi)
Population (2011) 8,237
 • Density 3,417.84/km2 (8,852.2/sq mi)

Blackburn Hamlet is a suburban community in Innes Ward, in the east end of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Before the 2001 amalgamation of the city of Ottawa, it was in the city of Gloucester. It is surrounded by rural areas and contains several older and newer areas of settlement. According to the Canada 2011 Census, its population was 8,237.[1][2] The community took its name from Robert Blackburn, former Member of Parliament for Russell.[3]

Often referred to by the locals as simply "Blackburn," it is one of only two suburban areas (the other being Bells Corners) surrounded by National Capital Commission (NCC) Greenbelt lands as well as Canadian Federal Conservation Authority lands and lands owned by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)[4] which were formerly the National Defence Proving Grounds.[5] Together, these lands form part of Ottawa's "Greenbelt" and provide Blackburn Hamlet residents and visitors with over 250 km of hiking and cross country skiing trails.

Blackburn is represented at city council but there is active community volunteer involvement as well through the Blackburn Community Association (BCA). Many activities, clubs, events and committees are run through the BCA.[6]

History[edit]

The earliest settlers to the area arrived between 1803 and 1811, most of whom were of English or Irish descent.[7]

In the early 19th century, the area was called "Green's Creek" after Robert Green who operated a sawmill on the creek.[8] By 1834, the timber was exhausted and the government lands had been sold to farmers who began to settle in the area. These people had to clear their own land and build their own roads and schools. In 1850, Richard Dagg donated the land for the first school in Blackburn. The area was subsequently called "Daggsville" after three families that settled there.[8]

John Kemp and his family were one of the early settlers of Blackburn. When the first school burned down in 1915, a second school was built on the Kemp property where Blackburn Public School was located.[9] Agnes Purdy and her husband William settled on Lot 9 across from St Mary the Virgin Anglican Church on Navan Road. Four generations of Purdys farmed the land until the NCC expropriated the farm for the Greenbelt. Agnes was significant as a major fundraiser for the church and as school board secretary for 20 years.[10]

Innes Road running through the Hamlet was named after Alexander Innes who owned a farm further west than Blackburn Hamlet. He also ran the toll road -Russell Rd. heading east from St. Laurent Blvd. He was survived by John Innes who was reeve of Gloucester Township.[citation needed] Isaiah Scharf settled on a lot near Emily Carr School, four generations lived in Blackburn on what is now Innes Road. Some of the hamlet streets are named after these, and other early settlers, Kemp, Cleroux, Tauvette.[10]

In 1858, Joshua Bradley settled in Blackburn.[11] It was through the efforts of his son William Bradley and Robert Blackburn, (Reeve in 1864, then MP) that a post office was secured in 1876 and it was then that the area became known as "Blackburn".[9] The settlement during these times was divided in two, the area of "Blackburn Corners", located around the existing intersection of Navan and Innes Rds; and "Blackburn Station", the area around the existing intersection of Anderson and Innes Rds.[12][13]

In 1958, the government gave authority to the NCC to establish a Greenbelt.[14] Landowner Michael Budd and Costain Estates Ltd were key players in the creation and construction of the community as it is today,[15] and it was renamed "Blackburn Hamlet". In 1967 the first residents moved in.[16] Budd Gardens is operated by Budd's two sons on land now rented from the NCC and both families live in Blackburn.[17]

Bob MacQuarrie was a Gloucester Councillor from 1958 to 1966 and was instrumental in providing to the Council and the NCC the feasibility of installing services to the Hamlet.[10] MacQuarrie served as Deputy Reeve and Reeve 1969 to 1978 and as MPP 1981–85.

Most of the homes were built in the 1960s and 1970s.[15]

Recreational facilities[edit]

Next to Blackburn is Hornet's Nest, an outdoor recreational facility containing 11 soccer fields.[18] Also in Hornet's Nest is a multi-use, privately owned indoor sports dome called the SuperDome, which houses an additional FIFA-approved soccer pitch. The SuperDome runs throughout the year, allowing summer sports to be played in the winter.[19] École secondaire publique Louis-Riel is home to the Hamlet's second dome, which is also the largest air-supported fabric structure indoor recreation facility in North America at 12,422 square meters (133,705 square feet). The Dome at Louis-Riel, like the SuperDome, also allows for year-round summer sports.[20]

During the winter months, the Blackburn Arena opens its ice rink, where local residents can partake in hockey and public skating.[21] The Green's Creek toboggan hill, located just next to the hamlet, also opens with the snowfall, and is maintained by the City of Ottawa.[22]

Education[edit]

Early Childhood Education[edit]

Pre-School

English Public[edit]

Elementary
High School
  • Norman Johnston Alternative School

English Catholic[edit]

Elementary
  • Good Shepherd School

French Public[edit]

High School

French Catholic[edit]

Elementary
  • École élémentaire catholique Sainte-Marie

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1986 9,674 —    
1991 9,574 −1.0%
1996 9,275 −3.1%
2001 8,955 −3.5%
2006 8,527 −4.8%
2011 8,237 −3.4%
Source: [23][24][25][26] [27][28][1][2]

According to the Canadian census, the population of Blackburn was 8,237 in 2011, a drop of 3.4% from the 2006 population of 8,527. About 17% of the population is under the age of 15, while those of retirement age (65 and over) comprise the same approximate percentage of the population, at 17%. In 2011, females made up about 53% of the population while males made up about 47%.[1][2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile 5050125.01". Canada Statistics. Government of Canada. 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Census Profile 5050125.02". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Blackburn Hamlet Description". Ottawa Neighbourhood Study. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "Technical and Protective Operations Facility". Government of Canada. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Galipeau's Good Sense". Ottawa Citizen. 24 January 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "About the BCA". Blackburn Hamlet Community Association. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Blackburn Hamlet - Ottawa Neighbourhoods". Ottawa Living. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Bisson, Chris. "Forests For The People: Resisting Neoliberalism Through Permaculture Design" (PDF). Carleton University. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Historic Gloucester" (PDF). Gloucester History. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c "To be renamed after early settlers and builders" (PDF). Blackburn Banar. September 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  11. ^ Adams, Nicholas. "An Archaeological Assessment (Stages 1 & 2) of the proposed Bradley East Subdivision Development" (PDF). City of Ottawa. Valecraft Homes Limited. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  12. ^ Johnston, Grace. "Where was the Blackburn Station?" (PDF). Blackburn Hamlet. Blackburn Banar. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  13. ^ Budd, Evelyn. "History of Blackburn Hamlet". Blackburn Hamlet Living. Retrieved 20 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Greenbelt Master Plan Summary" (PDF). NCC. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  15. ^ a b Paquet, Laura Byrne; Uren, Janet. "Best Neighbourhood Enclaves 2013: East". Ottawa Magazine. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  16. ^ Anderson, Mark (31 December 2008). "All's Well in the Hamlet". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  17. ^ "Some Blackburn History". Budd Gardens. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  18. ^ "Facilities". Ottawa Gloucester Hornets Soccer. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  19. ^ "Superdome". City of Ottawa. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  20. ^ "Yeadon®'s Most Recent Successful Project March 2005". Yeadon Air Supported Structures. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  21. ^ "Blackburn Arena Ice Skating Rink". Rinktime. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  22. ^ "Tobogganing in the Greenbelt". NCC. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  23. ^ "Ottawa - Hull - 125.01 1986-1991". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  24. ^ "Ottawa - Hull - 125.02 1986-1991". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  25. ^ "Population Data 0125.01 1996-2001". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  26. ^ "Population Data 0125.02 1996-2001". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  27. ^ "Census tract profile for 0125.01 2006". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  28. ^ "Census tract profile for 0125.02 2006". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 

Coordinates: 45°26′00″N 75°33′50″W / 45.43333°N 75.56389°W / 45.43333; -75.56389